Mosquito saliva, which is injected into the host as a mosquito probes for a blood vessel, contains a collection of chemicals which include anticoagulants to prevent blood clotting, vasodilators to keep blood vessels wide, and anesthetics to prevent us from sensing the mosquito. Saliva also conta... Read More
The anaerobic, Gram-positive Clostridium difficile is a big problem. It causes rampant diarrhea and tissue necrosis, with more than 150,000 annual cases in the United States alone. Many of the disease manifestations of C. difficile are mediated by two exotoxins that C. difficile produces: TcdA a... Read More
Misdiagnosis can lead to severe consequences for patients, and is a serious clinical issue. The newly emerging Candida auris requires higher doses of antifungal medications to treat an infection than does C. albicans, highlighting the importance of proper diagnosis. Thus far, the most accurate d... Read More
Sharon and Scott join the TWiV team to talk about their work on dengue antibody-dependent enhancement of Zika virus infection, and identifying the virus in mosquitoes from Miami.
Welcome back to Dispatches from ASM Microbe! Today we’ll continue Microbe 2016 highlights of the microbiome, focusing on the non-human microbiome research being presented during the conference.
As mentioned yesterday, commencement of the National Microbiome Initiative was met with great exci... Read More
The Fellowship of the Virus trace the early history of HIV in North America, based on genome sequences obtained from late 1970s archival sera, which also reveal that Gaetan Dugas was not Patient Zero.
Hosts: Read More
The Journal of Bacteriology is celebrating its centennial this year – one hundred years of valuable scientific discoveries! To illustrate the wide variety of noteworthy results published over the years, the journal is publishing a Classic Spotlight series, in which experts in the field highlight... Read More
No matter the niche field a scientist pursues, there is one aspect of almost all career paths that scientists have in common: teaching. Whether lecturing a quorum of undergraduates about bacterial genetics, mentoring a research fellow as they learn the lab protocols, or presenting an invited lec... Read More
This episode: Worm parasites infecting brine shrimp help them survive better in arsenic-polluted environments!
(7.9 MB, 8.6 minutes)
So far in this series I’ve written a good deal about our work on Zika virus, but I have said little about the people who are doing the science.
My lab at Columbia University Medical Center is very small, consisting of three people—Amy Rosenfeld, Audrey Warren, and me. Let me tell you about ... Read More
In recent years, researchers have learned that gut microbiota play a role in a number of human diseases, including Clostridium difficile infection, irritable bowel syndrome, Parkinson’s disease, and autism spectrum disorder. The revelations have scientists hopeful that fecal microbiota transplan... Read More
I like to encourage my students to explore the intersection between art and microbiology. Science + art = awesome! In any event, in this blog post, I describe two microbial art competitions in my microbiology course at the University of Puget Sound. I think my micronauts did some remarkable w... Read More
For years, researchers have struggled to get a handle on Group B streptococcus (GBS), in the hopes of improving neonatal outcomes. GBS are a bacteria commonly found in the vagina, rectum, and urinary tract of women. In healthy women, the bacteria are commensal, simply living without causing dise... Read More
This episode: Some fungi change from making plants sick to being helpful to plants! How do plants react to them?
(8.1 MB, 8.8 minutes)
In a new paper, researchers debunk the common myth that in the human microbiome, bacteria outnumber human cells 10-to-1. By examining the colon, the researchers estimate that the total number of bacteria in the human microbiome is 38 trillion (for the average 70-kg man). For comparison, the auth... Read More
Jeremy joins the TWiVeroids to tell the amazing story of how the function of the HIV-1 protein called Nef was discovered and found to promote infection by excluding the host protein SERINC from virus particles.
Hosts: Read More
Food microbiology is an important issue we cover on this blog, because food safety is vital to prevent foodborne illness. The use of technologies like whole-genome sequencing help identify and pinpoint the source of microbial contaminants, but how do microbes become contaminants in the first pla... Read More
The hamlet of Resolute Bay is a tiny Arctic village in the Nunavut territory of Canada with a population that hovers at or below 300. Over hundreds of perhaps even thousands of years, the traditional Inuit diet in Resolute Bay and elsewhere has been dictated by the Arctic environment. The diet i... Read More
"Hivi and his team of viruses (Ebola, Pox,..etc) believe they can win the battle, but the Virologists (who are real famous professors) beat them. However, new viruses pop-up, it will be a long battle. This makes the story very interesting and ever so engaging."
ACKNOWLEDGMEN... Read More
I hope we have all had an opportunity over the past holiday weekend to give thanks for what we have—it is important to step back and reflect from time to time on the many benefits and advantages we have. It can help us realize what we have achieved, and the multitude of people and resources that... Read More