Actinobacteria are the bacterial phylum responsible for production of many clinically-relevant antibacterial compounds. Streptomyces is a soil-dwelling genus of actinobacteria that produces drugs like neomycin and chloramphenicol. Despite deriving many antibiotics already from Streptomyces, coul... Read More
Antimicrobial resistance has been a growing concern in the health care community. But a publication by Chinese researchers in The Lancet Infectious Diseases last fall kicked things up a notch. The work found the mcr-1 gene, which confers resistance to the antibiotic colistin, in Escherichia coli... Read More
On this episode of Virus Watch we cover three Zika virus stories: the first human trial of a Zika virus vaccine, the first local transmission of infection in the United States, and whether the virus is a threat to participants in the 2016 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games. Read More
Russian President Vladimir Putin claimed Wednesday his country had developed a vaccine for the Ebola virus which has killed thousands of people in west Africa.
But Putin, who is famed for his talent for headline-grabbing announcements, did not give any name for the vaccine, nor did he say how... Read More
The Fellowship of the Virus trace the early history of HIV in North America, based on genome sequences obtained from late 1970s archival sera, which also reveal that Gaetan Dugas was not Patient Zero.
Hosts: Read More
Change does not come easily to most organizations, let alone to one with more than a century of history. Indeed, twice before ASM tried—and failed—to change its governance structure. This time, ASM members embraced change, realizing that ASM must become more modern and more nimble in its decisio... Read More
Raw milk collected from dairy farms has to travel to processing facilities before it is transformed into the delicious dairy products we consume. Because the milk from many dairy cows is collected together, any contamination issue from a single animal can lead to spoilage or contamination. How r... Read More
“There are many gut microbiome studies on humans and rodents, but not a whole lot on dogs, in particular,” says Johnny Li, a computational biologist at the Nestle Purina PetCare Company, in St. Louis. He recently led a study on the connection between diet and intestinal bacteria on 64 dogs — 32 ... Read More
The sages of TWiV explain how chronic wasting disease of cervids could be caused by spontaneous misfolding of prion protein, and the role of the membrane protein Axl in Zika virus entry into cells.
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Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery, but it can also be the easiest way to make a buck. That’s the primary motivation for camouflaging within an already-established brand: Sunbucks, McDowell’s, and Mountain Lightening all rely on brand recognition – of a brand that isn’t their own. W... Read More
Group: Group IV ((+) ssRNA)
Species: Zika virus
Structure of Zika Virus
•The virion is approximately 40 nm in diameter with surface projections that measure roughly 5-10 nm.
•Nucleocapsid is 25-30 nm in diameter surrounded by a host-membrane derive... Read More
This episode: Great apes' specific gut microbe communities have been with us for millions of years!
(9.1 MB, 10 minutes)
Microbiome research has revealed that there are good guy and bad guy bacteria living together in complex communities on our skin, in our mouths, throughout our guts and pretty much everywhere in between. But what do you call a good guy bacterium that is aiding and abetting a disease culprit?
... Read More
This episode: Algae growing in Arctic snow make red pigments that heat up their surroundings!
(6.8 MB, 7.5 minutes)
Ne... Read More
Have you ever gone to the beach, ready for a day of sun and sand, only to find a warning sign? One of the most common reasons beaches close is due to the presence of coliform bacteria. These indicator bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, are used as markers for fecal waste, since their presence c... Read More
The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovation (CEPI) hopes to prevent future outbreaks by generating, testing, and storing vaccines before outbreaks occur. How do you design a vaccine before a prevailing serotype is determined? Read More
In fall 2015, a new human hepegivirus (HHpgV-1) was identified by using a novel, high throughput sequencing technique. Concerns were raised that this virus was found in blood to be used for transfusions, potentially passing on the infection. But without tools to test for its presence, there was ... Read More
Having worked on viruses for over 40 years, I know a fair number of people in the field, and I am amazed at how many of them have started to work on Zika virus. What exactly is attracting virologists to this emerging virus?
There are probably many reasons why Zika virus would be of interest t... Read More
This episode: Worm parasites infecting brine shrimp help them survive better in arsenic-polluted environments!
(7.9 MB, 8.6 minutes)
How do we define the genetic makeup of an individual? Is it the genetic material found in each cell of that individual (that’s not entirely accurate; mutations and recombinatorial differences can lead to multiple genomes in one individual). And what about the genes carried by our microbiome? The... Read More