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Over half of all new diseases in humans since 1940 have jumped from animals to humans and researchers predict that the bulk of new and emerging diseases in humans over the next century will come from domestic animals and wildlife. Anthropozoonoses are diseases that effect both humans and animals, allowing the animals to serve as reservoirs for re-emerging diseases and sources of new diseases. Changes to the environment affect the transmissibility of these diseases, as well as human and animal migration patters. All three – human health, animal health, and environmental health – are interrelated and to fully understand any one, one must look at them all. Until recently medical doctors, veterinarians and ecologists kept to themselves. Not anymore. One Health Initiative, which recognizes the inter-relationships among human, animal, and environmental health and seeks to enhance communication, cooperation, and collaboration in integrating these areas for the health and well-being of all species.
Filmed live at the American Society for Microbiology's 109th General Meeting in Philadelphia, PA on May 19, 2009
Charles Beard, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
Ronald Atlas, University of Louisville, Kentucky
Stanley Maloy, University of California, San Diego
Mike Miller, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia