The TWiVome reveal the first eukaryotic genes found in a bacteriophage of Wolbachia, and how DNA tumor virus oncogenes antagonize sensing of cytoplasmic DNA by the cell.
A single season of intense melting buffeted Antarctica in 2001-2002. It yielded changes that ranged from speeding up microbial food webs to shifting penguin populations. A special section in the October issue of BioScience examines the impacts on two very different Antarctic ecosystems.
...... Read More
Cranial neural crest cells--which give rise to the bones and cartilage of the skull--are vulnerable to Zika virus, report Stanford University School of Medicine researchers September 29 in Cell Host & Microbe. The discovery, made by infecting in vitro cultures of human cells, offers a potential ... Read More
Chemosynthetic symbionts are bacteria living inside or on the surface of animals, supplying their host with food that would otherwise be unavailable. It has long been known that these bacteria fix carbon and convert it into organic forms. Microbiologist Jillian Petersen and colleagues from the U... Read More
For the past several decades, farmers have been abandoning their plows in favor of a practice known as no-till agriculture. Today, about one-third of U.S. farmers are no longer tilling their fields, and still more are practicing conservation tillage—using equipment that only disturbs the soil to... Read More
Florida announced a new Zika transmission zone on Thursday, saying that the virus had popped up in a mile-square patch of northern Miami and that five people had been infected.
The area, around the Little Haiti neighborhood, goes from NW 79th Street in the north to NW 63rd Street in the south... Read More
A specific strain of the fungus, Fusarium oxysporum, circulates in the water distribution systems of five French hospitals, in two widely separated cities. This microbe is potentially a life-threatening risk to immunocompromised patients. The research is published September 23, 2016 in Applied a... Read More
Small regulatory RNA molecules are vital for salmonella and other bacteria potentially harmful to humans: This RNA type controls gene activity and allows bacteria to quickly adjust to changing conditions of living and stress as are typical during an infection, for example, when entering the bloo... Read More
In a very interesting development, a latest study has debunked the belief that it was safe to eat food fallen on the floor if picked up within “five seconds”.
Professor Donald W Schaffner, a food microbiologist at Rutgers University in New Jersey, said a two-year study he led concluded that no ... Read More
It is (almost boringly) obvious that cell-to-cell communication is vital in multicellular organisms. To function properly, all cells in a tissue have to know – and let their neighbors know – where exactly they are, which tasks they're performing right now, when it's time to differenti... Read More
A new microscopic technique is enabling scientists to observe the antibiotic daptomycine live in action. This marks an exciting first, because even though doctors have been prescribing this antibiotic for over a decade, its precise mechanisms have remained unclear.
First, the scientists tagg... Read More
It is not unexpected that the contemplation of bacteria and archaea should focus so much on the nature and importance of their cell envelopes. Here, after all, is the interface between the cell's interior and the outside world. It is also what a host perceives early on when becoming infected.... Read More
The 2016 MacArthur awards have just been announced. Among the handful of scientists are two microbiologists, Dianne Newman and Victoria Orphan, both at Cal Tech and both geomicrobiologists. We rejoice. Both are extraordinary scientists with an unusually broad range of interests.
Click "source... Read More
A microbe that ‘eats’ both methane and iron: microbiologists have long suspected its existence, but were not able to find it - until now. Researchers at Radboud University and the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen discovered a microorganism that couples the reduction of iron... Read More
As the durations of manned space missions increase, it is vitally important to understand the long-term consequences of microbial exposure on human health in closed human habitats. One mission of the Microbial Observatory Experiments on the International Space Station is to examine the traits an... Read More