CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- A new analysis supports the hypothesis that viruses are living entities that share a long evolutionary history with cells, researchers report. The study offers the first reliable method for tracing viral evolution back to a time when neither viruses nor cells existed in the fo... Read More
Back in 2013 I built a Wall of Polio in my laboratory – a large stack of six-well cell culture plates that have been used to measure the concentration of polioviruses in various samples by plaque assay. It became a focal point of the lab at which many guests came to have their photographs taken.... Read More
National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists report that a single dose of an experimental Ebola virus (EBOV) vaccine completely protects cynomolgus macaques against the current EBOV outbreak strain, EBOV-Makona, when given at least seven days before exposure, and partially protects them if giv... Read More
A cure for HIV requires the eradication of latent (i.e., dormant and therefore hidden) virus from reservoirs in immune cells throughout the body. HIV latency depends on the activity of proteins from the human host called histone deacetylases (HDAC), and previous work has shown that HDAC inhibito... Read More
Washington, DC – July 28, 2015 – Microbes contributing to cystic fibrosis (CF) are able to survive in saliva and mucus that is chemically heterogeneous, including significant portions that are largely devoid of oxygen, according to a study published this week in mBio®, the online open-access jou... Read More
The Sabin infectious, attenuated poliovirus vaccines are known to cause vaccine-associated paralysis in a small number of recipients. In contrast, the Salk inactivated vaccine does not cause poliomyelitis. Why are the Sabin vaccines still used globally? The answer to this question requires a bri... Read More
Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes have revealed that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. Read More
LA JOLLA, CA - August 24, 2015 - Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) have found a way to induce antibodies to fight a wide range of influenza subtypes--work that could one day eliminate the need for repeate... Read More
A vaccine that protects against a wide variety of influenza viruses (a so-called universal flu vaccine) is a critical public health goal given the significant rates of illness and death caused by seasonal influenza and the potentially devastating effects of a pandemic influenza strain. Now, rese... Read More
Host: Jeff Fox with special guest, Warren C. Ruder.
Warren C. Ruder of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) in Blacksburg, Virginia talks with Jeff Fox about efforts to develop an electronic model system that incorporates a robot for a host and two sligh... Read More
Meriam Memmi, PhD candidate at University Jean Monnet of Saint-Etienne, France discusses her research which led the creation of a new birth control device with additional protective properties against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). STIs of viral origin constitute a major public health c... Read More
HIV-infected patients remain on antiretroviral therapy for life because the virus survives over the long-term in infected dormant cells. Interruption of current types of antiretroviral therapy results in a rebound of the virus and clinical progression to AIDS. Read More
Three reports have been published that together make a compelling case that Zika virus is causing microcephaly in Brazil. Read More
West Nile virus (WNV) is particularly dangerous in older people, who account for a large number of severe cases and deaths caused by the virus. WNV infection turns serious when the virus crosses the blood-brain-barrier and wreaks havoc among nerve cells in the brain. A study published on July 23... Read More
New research led by NYU Langone Medical Center has uncovered why a particular strain of Staphylococcus aureus -- known as HA-MRSA -- becomes more deadly than other variations. These new findings open up possible new pathways to vaccine development against this bacterium, which the Centers for Di... Read More
Scientists have discovered new ways in which the malaria parasite survives in the blood stream of its victims, a discovery that could pave the way to new treatments for the disease.
The researchers at the Medical Research Council's (MRC) Toxicology Unit based at the University of Leicester an... Read More
BOC Sciencs-Scientists found that a common food additive diacetyl can bring great damage to lungs when it be inhaled. And workers who roast coffee beans and make popcorn have frequent contact with the substance, that's one of the main reason that workers at these post will contract serious lung ... Read More
A permissive vaccine prevents disease in the immunized host, but does not block virus infection. Would a permissive vaccine lead to the emergence of more virulent viruses?
This hypothesis is based on the notion that viruses which kill their hosts too quickly are not efficiently transmitted, a... Read More