Retroviruses such as HIV and HTLV-1 don't hit-and-run, they hit-and-hide. They slip into host cells and insert their own DNA into the cell's DNA, and from this refuge they establish an infection that lasts a lifetime.
But that infection might be much less troublesome and much more manageable ... Read More
Zebrafish need Prozac like they need a bicycle, yet recording how various molecules affect their behaviour may be the perfect way to discover treatments for mental illness and neurological diseases.
Most brain drugs are variations on 50-year-old medicines, says Randall Peterson of Massachuset... Read More
As the dreaded autumn wave ends and official deaths remain relatively low, the backlash against the H1N1 pandemic response is in full swing. Claims range from a massive overreaction by health authorities to a conspiracy cooked up by big pharma. But while swine flu may have boosted profits for va... Read More
A recent New York Times article described how China is stepping up efforts to lure home the top Chinese scholars who live and work abroad. The nation is already second only to the United States in the volume of scientific papers published, and it has, as Thomas Friedman pointed out, more student... Read More
A new study by a research team at Uppsala University shows how new functions can develop in an enzyme. This can explain, for example, how resistance to toxins can occur so simply. The findings are now being published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
Every biological being needs a large... Read More
Bodies piling up in Haiti pose a negligible infection risk to the public and don't need to be instantly buried or disinfected, the World Health Organization said on Monday in a report on the earthquake (PDF). Instead, relief workers should focus on treating the living.
"It is important to con... Read More
Toxoplasma gondii (Fig. 1) is a protozoan parasite that can be transmitted directly from cats to humans through faecal contamination of food, or indirectly from cats to livestock and then to humans through undercooked meat. Around 30% of humans in the United Kingdom are infected, and as such, ha... Read More
A new study from Zambia suggests that halting breastfeeding early causes more harm than good for children not infected with HIV who are born to HIV-positive mothers. Stopping breastfeeding before 18 months was associated with significant increases in mortality among these children, according to ... Read More
Heat-loving bacteria found in the Arctic seabed have their origins in oil springs and the depths of the Earth's crust. This is the finding of a project supported by the Austrian Science Fund FWF, which used molecular biology to study "misplaced" bacteria such as these. The possibility that molec... Read More
Haiti’s next survival challenge lurks in its broken pipes, tainted wells and stagnant puddles: Water. If contaminated, it will spread disease. If stagnant, it will breed malarial mosquitoes. And if there’s no water at all, dehydration and death may follow.
“People can live without food for a ... Read More
And the debate rages on. We've posted several articles in recent months that have both said that strep is and isn't a cause for such disorders as OCD and/or tic syndromes like Tourette's. However it appears that the final word is still unclear. Here's a new article claiming, "the case for strep ... Read More
An estimated 18% of Americans have fallen ill with H1N1 flu, but about 20% have been vaccinated against the strain, according to new estimates released today by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The new numbers show that most of the U.S. population remains susceptible to fa... Read More
The influenza pandemic that swept the globe and fueled concern that millions would die has led to an unprecedented glut of vaccine as fewer people than expected have sought immunization.
Governments worldwide are left with surpluses of H1N1 vaccine due to sagging demand. Many are selling or d... Read More
The bacteria whether pathogenic or not, must adapt their growth to environmental changes, such as variations in temperature Researchers at CNRS (Lab Architecture reactivity and RNA), of the University of Camerino (Italy) and Dusseldorf ( Germany) have discovered that it is the structure of RNAte... Read More
Sludge from a distillery on Islay is set to be turned into green energy to power whisky production on the island.
Bruichladdich will next month install two anaerobic digesters – in which bacteria eat yeasty waste to produce methane – at a cost of about £300,000.
The methane gas will then be ... Read More
On episode #66 of the podcast This Week in Virology, Vincent and Dickson continue virology 101 with a discussion of information flow from RNA to DNA, a process known as reverse transcription, which occurs in ... Read More
As for the mutations detected by the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network in the last week have reported five new cases of mutation 'D222', three of them in two in the Basque Country and Andalusia.
Also, there is an increase in the number of viruses detected in cases from different r... Read More
The flea’s mouthparts, perfectly adapted to puncturing the skin, slide in easily, and the tiny insect immediately begins sucking blood from its host.
But it doesn’t only suck blood – the flea’s saliva keeps blood from clotting. And riding along in that saliva are bacteria.
In a world liter... Read More
A scientist at Springfield's Southern Illinois University School of Medicine says he has developed a vaccine that could provide near-total protection against genital herpes, one of the world's most common sexually transmitted infections.
"To me, this is the future genital herpes vaccine," Wil... Read More
The science community is abuzz over the news that the entire genetic makeup of a highly valuable wasp has been determined via DNA sequencing.
Nasonia is the name given to three different species of pinhead-sized, parasitic wasps that act as a kind of natural pesticide: They sting -- and lay t... Read More