Tim Austen realised that he wasn't cut out to be a scientist while growing cell cultures in the final year of his biochemistry degree. "I got in one Monday morning and discovered these really interesting things in my Petri dish," he says. "When I showed them excitedly to my colleague, he pointed... Read More
A volunteer group has been meeting up once a week to scrape gum off the streets of the Kabukicho entertainment district of Tokyo, averaging 309 specimens each time.
Kaoru Kumada, a professor at Tsukuba International University, conducted his research with the group.
His findings were repo... Read More
A new oral polio vaccine is making headlines today — and small wonder. Polio may have been wiped out in America, but that’s not true for parts of Africa. And it's there that a new vaccine may finally put an end to the crippling disease.
The bivalent oral polio vaccine, known as bOPV, immunize... Read More
Pathogenic listeria tricks intestinal cells into helping it pass through those cells to make people ill, and, if that doesn't work, the bacteria simply goes around the cells, according to a Purdue University study.
Arun Bhunia, a professor of food science, and Kristin Burkholder, a former Pur... Read More
Only a year after the swine flu pandemic led Americans to line up for flu shots, many people are now spurning vaccines, two studies suggest.
Only 37% of people plan to definitely get vaccinated this year, a Consumer Reports survey shows. About 30% say they definitely won't get a shot, while 3... Read More
It’s the stuff of doomsday movies: A new virus jumps from animals to people, with ominous possibilities.
At the California National Primate Research Center at the University of California, Davis, last year, a newly identified form of virus devastated a monkey colony and sickened a researcher,... Read More
When scientists announced in 2003 that they had finished the Human Genome Project, they were quick to clarify that sequencing of the full human genome not yet complete. As much as six percent of the genome was beyond the reach of available technology, leaving regions on the 23 pairs of human chr... Read More
Type 1 diabetes (T1D), formerly known as juvenile diabetes, is a multifactorial disease of complex etiology characterized by the autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells. In addition to genetic susceptibility, it is generally accepted that environmental factors play important roles in tri... Read More
There is no question that HIV is an ugly virus in terms of human health. Each year, it infects some 2.7 million additional people and leads to some 2 million deaths from AIDS. But a new album manages to locate some sonic beauty deep in its genome. Sounds of HIV (Azica Records) by composer Alexan... Read More
Older adults who develop sepsis — a serious, widespread bacterial infection -- are at risk of declining both mentally and physically in subsequent years, a new study has found.
The researchers say their findings suggest the long-term effects of sepsis are under-recognized and could account fo... Read More
A federal advisory panel is recommending that teens get a booster dose of the vaccine against bacterial meningitis.
They made the recommendation because the vaccine doesn't work as long as expected.
Three years ago, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices said the meningitis vacci... Read More
Groups developing a gel to protect women from the AIDS virus say they are moving ahead to develop the product that was hailed as "groundbreaking" after a study on its effectiveness was released in July.
The developers, who met last week with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, said the FDA... Read More
Scientists with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are helping ensure that the smoked salmon that's always a hit at festive gatherings also is always safe to eat, including among their achievements the development of a first-of-its-kind mathematical model that food processors and others c... Read More
Eighteen people have died in the Brazilian capital after contracting a hospital superbug.
They were infected with bacteria which produce the enzyme Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemase (KPC), which renders most modern antibiotics ineffective.
It tends to infect hospitalised people whose imm... Read More
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in kidney or kidney/pancreas transplant recipients occurs more frequently when alemtuzumab is used for induction instead of antithymocyte globulin (ATG), according to a new study from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.
In addition, in alemtuzumab recip... Read More
The World Health Organization on Tuesday announced a mass polio vaccination campaign in Africa, the same day Ugandan health officials announced an outbreak of the highly infectious disease.
WHO officials in Geneva said the 15-country campaign would start as early as next week in Angola and Co... Read More
While the cholera outbreak that has so far killed 259 in Haiti is starting to taper off, the capital Port-au-Prince is bracing itself for the disease's arrival. Can treatment reach people in time to prevent more deaths?
Emergency supplies of clean water, soap and water-purifying equipment con... Read More
When it comes to biology, the proteins get all the glory. A new study coming out in mBio might change this, though: the results show that, in the immune response, non-protein-coding RNAs may deserve some credit for what they do, too.
Peng et al. used whole transcriptome analysis in mice to e... Read More
Press release from National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) on the significance a Genome Announcement by Steven E. Schutzer, Claire M. Fraser-Liggett, Sherwood R. Casjens, Wei-Gang Qiu, John J. Dunn, Emmanuel F. Mongodin, and Benjamin J. Luft published ahead of print in the... Read More
For the first time, scientists have discovered that a poorly understood class of RNA produced in a mammal's cells during a respiratory virus attack may affect the outcome of the infection. Their findings are reported today in mBio, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
RNA (ribo... Read More