A soon-to-be-implemented policy for scientists who are permitted to conduct research in national parks will give the National Park Service a share of any profits from their work.
The policy is expected to go into effect early next year following more than a decade of concern and a lawsuit ove... Read More
Tiny magnetic discs just a millionth of a metre in diameter could be used to used to kill cancer cells, according to a study published on Sunday.
Laboratory tests found the so-called "nanodiscs", around 60 billionths of a metre thick, could be used to disrupt the membranes of cancer cells, ca... Read More
Living like a pig could be good for you. Research has shown how dirty piglets obtain 'friendly' bacteria that help them to develop healthy immune systems later in life.
The results, published online in BMC Biology1, provide the first direct link between dirty living, immune health and genetic... Read More
In his 1934 travel book Beyond the Mexique Bay, Aldous Huxley compared Guatemala's Lake Atitlan to Italy's Lake Como. The Italian body of water, he wrote, "touches the limit of the permissibly picturesque." Atitlan, however, "is Como with the additional embellishment of several immense volcanoes... Read More
The CDC notes that up to 80 percent of infections may be spread by hand contact. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers work by disrupting the outer coat of viruses and bacteria. Read More
Here's another reason to drink red wine:
"Drinking red wine in moderate amount helps to rinse teeth clean of bacteria during and after meals, says a new study.
Earlier studies have linked moderate red wine intake with everything from improved longevity to diminished risk of cardiovascular ... Read More
"The practice of sterilising surgical tools and devices has helped radically improve healthcare. Researchers in the Netherlands are trying a new method, using plasma to kill bacteria inside sealed containers.
But the old mainstay is a 130-year-old device called an autoclave, which is somethin... Read More
Several cancer vaccines that are delivered via injections or intravenous lines are in development. Another approach to a vaccine, however, is to implant a small disk containing cancer-fighting substances under the skin, according to researchers from Harvard University and the Dana-Farber Cancer ... Read More
At least 7,826 people worldwide have died from laboratory-confirmed cases of pandemic H1N1 influenza, an increase of more than 1,000 in the last week, but the actual number is probably much larger than that, the World Health Organization said today. Most countries have now stopped counting every... Read More
Forget the chicken. At vaccine-maker Sanofi Pasteur, it all starts with the egg -- millions of them each week. The mini vaccine factories will grow more than 75 million doses of H1N1 vaccine this year.
Earlier this month, the only company to make flu shots in the United States offered reporte... Read More
HIV infections remain to be of major public health importance in Europe, with evidence of increasing transmission in several European countries. A total of 25,656 diagnosed cases of HIV infection were reported for 2008 by the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) (d... Read More
Bacteria don't have easy lives. In addition to mammalian immune systems that besiege the bugs, they have natural enemies called bacteriophages, viruses that kill half the bacteria on Earth every two days.
Still, bacteria and another class of microorganisms called archaea (first discovered in ... Read More
Researchers at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. and the Seattle-based Bio Architecture Lab (BAL) have secured $9 million from the Department of Energy to explore seaweed's potential as a feedstock for biobutanol, an advanced biofuel.
Their venture appears to have largely cornered the current mar... Read More
The Ministry of Health of Egypt has reported a new confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H5N1).
The case is a 3 year-old male from Minia Governorate. His symptoms started on 21 November 2009.
He was admitted to hospital on 22 November and his condition is stable. Investigations into th... Read More
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has informed WHO of a mutation detected in three H1N1 viruses. The viruses were isolated from the first two fatal cases of pandemic influenza in the country and one patient with severe illness.
Norwegian scientists have analysed samples from more than ... Read More
Attending physicians at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and professors at Harvard Medical School Jerome Groopman and Pamela Hartzband, author an op-ed in the New York Times that considers why in the midst of an epidemic some people become severely ill and die while others remain unscathed.
... Read More
Whitehead researchers have developed a new type of genetic screen for human cells to pinpoint specific genes and proteins used by pathogens, according to their paper in Science.
In most human cell cultures genes are present in two copies: one inherited from the father and one from the mother.... Read More
A survey carried out in eight European countries has shown that closing schools in the event of an infectious disease pandemic could have a significant role in reducing illness transmission.
Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Infectious Diseases compared opportunities for infe... Read More
Compelling new data that chemical and fossil evidence of ancient microbial life on Mars was carried to Earth in a Martian meteorite is being elevated to a higher plane by the same NASA team which made the initial discovery 13 years ago.
Sources tell Spaceflight Now that the new data are provi... Read More
(editor's note - this is an update to a story we featured earlier at http://www.microbeworld.org/index.php?option=com_jlibrary&view=article&id=1971)
Thanks to their vast underground fungus farms, leafcutter ants are one of Earth’s most successful species — and one secret of their agricultural... Read More