Many drinking water treatment facilities worldwide disinfect water with ultraviolet light because it’s quick and efficient, kills protozoa such as Giardia, and doesn’t introduce potentially harmful disinfection by-products. But a new study shows that UV treatment alone can push bacteria into a d... Read More
Overwhelming medical evidence proves that negative side effects are rare and minor
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These days, the happiest place on Earth isn't so cheerful. In December, a large number of people started coming down with measles after visiting Disneyland in California. So far, about 80 measles cases have been reported in the state, an unusually large number for a virus that has long been unde... Read More
Vincent, Dickson, and Daniel reveal last week's case study and introduce a new one concerning a patient who traveled to Belize.
A rare virus is marching through the Midwest just in time for back-to-school, the time of year when viruses start to spread rapidly between students before infecting the rest of the population.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is looking into hundreds of suspected cases of ... Read More
Treating dairy cows and other farm animals with antibiotics and then laying their manure in soil can cause the bacteria in the dirt to grow resistant to the drugs. But a study now suggests that the manure itself could be contributing to resistance, even when it comes from cows that are free of a... Read More
Bovine viral diarrhea virus infections result in one of the most costly diseases among cattle with losses in U.S. herds estimated at $2 billion per year, according to professor Christopher Chase of the South Dakota State University Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences Department.
"It is an immu... Read More
Though western diets and modern-day hygiene have wiped a few dozen species right out of our digestive tracts, "it's not clear if more diversity in the microbiome is healthier." -- M. Gloria Dominguez-Bello, New York University School of Medicine. Read More
As the West African epidemic of Ebola virus grows, so does misinformation about the virus, particularly how it is transmitted from person to person. Ebola virus is transmitted from human to human by close contact with infected patients and virus-containing body fluids. It does not spread among h... Read More
The Ebola outbreak is out of control in Africa, but it is not a global threat, why? Read More
Contrary to popular belief, the foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is not a harmless commensal in chickens but can cause disease in some breeds of poultry according to research. Campylobacter jejuni is the most frequent cause of foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis in the world and the Cente... Read More
News that a stomach bug is becoming resistant to antibiotics is alarming, but before you start fearing the so-called new bug, there are a few things you should know.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported this week that the bacteria Shigella sonnei has become resistant to cip... Read More
U.S. researchers have found a link between intestinal bacteria and the effectiveness of the flu vaccine. And the finding could have important implications for how vaccines are given.
Our intestines are full of bacteria; they help us digest our food. But scientists are starting to learn how im... Read More
Our bodies are home to a vast ecosystem of microbes — the microbiome — that has a powerful effect on the brain. Three brain researchers discuss the emerging connection between the brain and the gut, and whether microbes may help treat brain disorders.
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Researchers at the University of Michigan are studying the ecology of microbes in the GI tract in hopes of developing novel diagnostic tests and effective treatments for intestinal disease. How are they studying this? By creating tiny gut ecosystems! Using undifferentiated stem cells, the inv... Read More
On Friday afternoon, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention posted a guide explaining how hospitals should manage Ebola patients. Hospital workers entering a patient's room should wear:
- Gown (fluid resistant or impermeable)
- Eye protection (goggles or face shield... Read More
HIV-1, the most common type of the virus that causes AIDS, has proved to be tenacious, inserting its genome permanently into its victims' DNA, forcing patients to take a lifelong drug regimen to control the virus and prevent a fresh attack. Now, a team of researchers has designed a way to snip o... Read More
The multidrug-resistant, incredibly contagious Shigella has popped up in 32 US states in the past year. The bacteria infect your intestines and trigger crampy rectal pain, bloody or mucus-laced diarrhea and vomiting. What can you do? Vigilant hygiene. And if you do get sick, go for an over-the-c... Read More
A highly anticipated test of an experimental Ebola vaccine will begin this week at the National Institutes of Health, amid mounting anxiety about the spread of the deadly virus in West Africa.
After an expedited review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, researchers were given the green... Read More
The specific strain of HIV that a person first contracts can have a lasting impact on how the virus disrupts his or her immune system, say researchers.
“This may have important implications for cure strategies aimed at eliminating the viral reservoir, as individuals infected with low replicat... Read More