This episode: When digesting wood, shipworms outsource their microbial symbionts from gut to gills!
(9.7 MB, 10.6 minutes)
In a biological sense, last year’s Ebola epidemic, which struck West Africa, spilled over into the United States and Europe, and has to date led to more than 27,000 infections and more than 11,000 deaths, was a great surprise.
Local health and political leaders did not know of the presence o... Read More
Researchers from the Gladstone Institutes have revealed that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. Read More
Advances in the field of statistics are helping to unlock the mysteries of the human microbiome--the vast collection of microorganisms living in and on the bodies of humans, said Katherine Pollard, a statistician and biome expert, during a session today at the 2015 Joint Statistical Meetings (JS... Read More
BOC Sciences-Senescence means a state where cells stop further development in their function but clean themselves and remove the extra substance. Scientists found that when cells go into this stage, the growth rate of tumor would slow down, which is true of aging. The finding was made on the lev... Read More
Athens, Ga. - Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed new tools to study and genetically manipulate cryptosporidium, a microscopic parasite that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis. Their discoveries, published in the journal Nature, will ultimately help researchers in... Read More
Barbara Hinney and her colleagues from the Institute for Parasitology at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, screened 298 faecal samples taken from cats across Austria for single-cell intestinal parasites, so called enteric protozoa. The samples came from private households, catteries... Read More
Tara Smith joins the TWiEBOVsters to discuss the Ebola virus outbreak in west Africa, spread of the disease to and within the US, transmission of the virus, and much more.
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infects cloven-hoofed animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and many wild species. The disease caused by this virus is a substantial problem for farmers because infected animals cannot be sold. Transgenic pigs have now been produced which express a short... Read More
Research presented at the 2015 AACC Annual Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo will expand on the studies that led to a fingerprick Ebola test becoming the first and only rapid diagnostic for this disease to receive approval from the World Health Organization (WHO). This test could prove vital to breaki... Read More
MIT-WHOI Graduate student Kristen Hunter-Cevera describes the challenges and obstacles involved with growing marine microbes (in her case, Synechococcus) in a laboratory setting, and outlines the value of her research in understanding marine biogeochemistry. Read More
This episode: Bacterial ghosts could make good vaccines for different things!
(9.8 MB, 10.7 minutes)
LA JOLLA, CA - August 24, 2015 - Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) have found a way to induce antibodies to fight a wide range of influenza subtypes--work that could one day eliminate the need for repeate... Read More
Dear Vincent & Dickson… and Daniel,
I always enjoy listening to TWIP here in Kona, Hawaii.
Our weather today is 79ºF and clear but we have just experienced a record 25-year overnight low of 54ºF,
A permissive vaccine prevents disease in the immunized host, but does not block virus infection. Would a permissive vaccine lead to the emergence of more virulent viruses?
This hypothesis is based on the notion that viruses which kill their hosts too quickly are not efficiently transmitted, a... Read More
The TWiVers discuss the growing Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, and an epidemic of respiratory disease in the US caused by enterovirus D68.
BOC Sciences-A new beta-carboline compound shows great potential for alcoholism treatment. At present, no side effects caused by the new compound have been found in the trials on rats. The compound was developed by research team from Wisconsin in Milwaukee, US. With further successful tests and ... Read More
A scientific peek into bacteria boudoirs is revealing how "sex" among disease-causing microbes can lead different species or strains to become resistant to antibiotic medications. Read More
Disease-causing viruses engage their hosts in ongoing arms races: positive selection for antiviral genes increases host fitness and survival, and viruses in turn select for mutations that counteract the antiviral host factors. Studying such adaptive mutations can provide insights into the distan... Read More
Nasal drops of harmless bacteria can inhibit a related bug that sometimes causes meningococcal disease, according to new findings published online in Clinical Infectious Diseases. The study--conducted among college students, a group at higher risk for this often serious illness--suggests a new a... Read More