Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an electrical disorder, or rather one of impaired myelin, a fatty, insulating substance that better allows electric current to bolt down our neurons and release the neurotransmitters that help run our bodies and brains. Researchers have speculated for some time that th... Read More
On Friday afternoon, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention posted a guide explaining how hospitals should manage Ebola patients. Hospital workers entering a patient's room should wear:
- Gown (fluid resistant or impermeable)
- Eye protection (goggles or face shield... Read More
Many drinking water treatment facilities worldwide disinfect water with ultraviolet light because it’s quick and efficient, kills protozoa such as Giardia, and doesn’t introduce potentially harmful disinfection by-products. But a new study shows that UV treatment alone can push bacteria into a d... Read More
Researchers at the University of Michigan are studying the ecology of microbes in the GI tract in hopes of developing novel diagnostic tests and effective treatments for intestinal disease. How are they studying this? By creating tiny gut ecosystems! Using undifferentiated stem cells, the inv... Read More
In cells with latent HIV infection, the virus is dormant, and such cells are therefore not attacked by the immune system or by standard antiretroviral therapy. To eradicate the virus from the human body and truly cure a patient, reservoirs of latently infected cells need to be activated and elim... Read More
The specific strain of HIV that a person first contracts can have a lasting impact on how the virus disrupts his or her immune system, say researchers.
“This may have important implications for cure strategies aimed at eliminating the viral reservoir, as individuals infected with low replicat... Read More
Overwhelming medical evidence proves that negative side effects are rare and minor
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A highly anticipated test of an experimental Ebola vaccine will begin this week at the National Institutes of Health, amid mounting anxiety about the spread of the deadly virus in West Africa.
After an expedited review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, researchers were given the green... Read More
A rare virus is marching through the Midwest just in time for back-to-school, the time of year when viruses start to spread rapidly between students before infecting the rest of the population.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is looking into hundreds of suspected cases of ... Read More
In a recent New York Times OpEd entitled What We’re Afraid to Say About Ebola, Michaeal Osterholm wonders whether Ebola virus could go airborne:
You can now get Ebola only through direct contact with bodily fluids. If certain mutations occurred, it would mean that just breathing would put one... Read More
Our bodies are home to a vast ecosystem of microbes — the microbiome — that has a powerful effect on the brain. Three brain researchers discuss the emerging connection between the brain and the gut, and whether microbes may help treat brain disorders.
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These days, the happiest place on Earth isn't so cheerful. In December, a large number of people started coming down with measles after visiting Disneyland in California. So far, about 80 measles cases have been reported in the state, an unusually large number for a virus that has long been unde... Read More
There are bacteria in wine that may be beneficial for people's health, new research finds.
In the study, researchers in Spain isolated 11 strains of bacteria from wine, including strains of Lactobacillus, which are also found in yogurt, as well as Oenococcus and Pediococcus bacteria, which ar... Read More
Ebola GP protein covers the virus' surface and is shed from infected cells during infection. Shed GP can trigger massive dysregulation of the immune response and affect the permeability of blood vessels.
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WASHINGTON (July 27, 2015) - The improved survival rate of HIV patients in sub-Saharan Africa due to effective treatment programs is increasing the ability of researchers in Africa to study the impacts of cardiovascular disease in HIV patients, according to a guest editor page published today in... Read More
U.S. researchers have found a link between intestinal bacteria and the effectiveness of the flu vaccine. And the finding could have important implications for how vaccines are given.
Our intestines are full of bacteria; they help us digest our food. But scientists are starting to learn how im... Read More
A permissive vaccine prevents disease in the immunized host, but does not block virus infection. Would a permissive vaccine lead to the emergence of more virulent viruses?
This hypothesis is based on the notion that viruses which kill their hosts too quickly are not efficiently transmitted, a... Read More
The Ebola outbreak is out of control in Africa, but it is not a global threat, why? Read More
Baltimore, June 26 -- The flu virus can be lethal. But what is often just as dangerous is the body's own reaction to the invader. This immune response consists of an inflammatory attack, meant to kill the virus. But if it gets too aggressive, this counterattack can end up harming the body's own ... Read More