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Swine Flu Jumps Back to Pigs and Keeps Evolving

A new strain of swine flu shows that the pandemic version has jumped from humans back to pigs, where it’s evolving in new and unpredictable ways.

The new strain, identified in a Hong Kong slaughterhouse, isn’t especially virulent. But the findings emphasize the need for continued vigilance. S... Read More

MTS52 - Mitchell Sogin - Expeditions to the Rare Biosphere

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Wild Sharks, Redfish Carry Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria

Researchers have found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in seven species of sharks and redfish captured in waters off Belize, Florida, Louisiana and Massachusetts. Most of these wild, free-swimming fish harbored several drug-resistant bacterial strains.

The study, published in the Journal of Zoo... Read More

Using Bacteria in Oil Wells to Convert Oil to Natural Gas

Some bacteria destroy oil. Might those bacteria lead oil companies to change their methods of harvesting the energy of the oil while at the same time reducing the carbon dioxide that burning oil and gasoline discharges into the atmosphere? Steve Larter thinks that may be possible.

Petroleum b... Read More

Experimental Marburg Vaccine Prevents Disease Two Days After Infection

An experimental vaccine developed to prevent outbreaks of Marburg hemorrhagic fever continues to show promise in monkeys as an emergency treatment for accidental exposures to the virus that causes the disease. There is no licensed treatment for Marburg infection, which has a high fatality rate.
... Read More

The Cost-Effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment for Malaria in Infants in Sub-Saharan Africa

Background:

Intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) has been shown to decrease clinical malaria by approximately 30% in the first year of life and is a promising malaria control strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa which can be delivered alongside the Expanded Programme on Immunisation... Read More

Microbiology: The business side of synthetic life

For a culture raised on images of Dr. Frankenstein cackling "It's alive!" as his monster lurched around the lab, the recent announcement by the J. Craig Venter Institute claiming they had created synthetic life received surprisingly mixed reviews.

The scientific consensus is that the institu... Read More

Microbiology: The business side of synthetic life

For a culture raised on images of Dr. Frankenstein cackling "It's alive!" as his monster lurched around the lab, the recent announcement by the J. Craig Venter Institute claiming they had created synthetic life received surprisingly mixed reviews.

The scientific consensus is that the institut... Read More

Wild sharks, redfish harbor antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Scientists have found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in seven species of sharks and redfish captured in waters off Belize, Florida, Louisiana and Massachusetts. Most of these wild, free-swimming fish harbored several drug-resistant bacterial strains.

The study, published in the Journal of Zoo ... Read More

Regulatory T cells delay arrival of TB-fighting T cells

The outcome of tuberculosis infection in mice depends in part on how quickly bacteria-fighting T cells can get to the lungs. According to a new study that will appear online on June 14th in the Journal of Experimental Medicine (www.jem.org), another group of T cells delays their arrival.

Pre... Read More

Q: What do British Petroleum and M. vanbaalenii have in common?

A: Both BP and M. vanbaalenii make a living from oil.
The oil spill in the gulf is going to need the skills of a few good microbes, and Mycobacterium vanbaalenii might be a perfect candidate for the job. It was originally isolated from oil-contaminated estuary sediment in Texas, after all, an... Read More

Super-Yeast Generates Ethanol from Energy Crops and Agricultural Residues

A new type of baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) has been developed which can efficiently ferment pentose sugars, as found in agricultural waste and hardwoods.

Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Biotechnology for Biofuels describe the creation of the new S. cere... Read More

New world Helicobacter pylori genome sequenced, dynamics of inflammation-related genes revealed

An international team of researchers led by scientists at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) at Virginia Tech have sequenced the genome of an Amerindian strain of the gastric bug Helicobacter pylori, confirming the out-of-Africa migration of this bacterial stowaway to the New World. Exp... Read More

Scientists to map Ozzy Osbourne's DNA

One man has perhaps stood above all others when it comes to testing the body's limits. That is Ozzy Osbourne, former lead singer of Black Sabbath.

So now a genome sequencing company called Knome has decided to find out just what Ozzy Osbourne is really made of. It intends to test his DNA to s... Read More

Secondary changes allow spread of oseltamivir resistant influenza virus

The influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) protein is required for virus release from the cell, a property exploited by the antiviral drugs oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamavir (Relenza). During clinical testing of oseltamivir in 2001, some individuals shed drug-resistant viruses with an amino acid c... Read More

First-ever flu vaccine for Fido approved

It may surprise you to learn that since 2004, man's best friend has had to endure the misery of influenza just as we have, since a strain of influenza known as H3N8 apparently jumped from horses to dogs and developed the ability to spread readily from hound to hound.

And if dogs worried the w... Read More

H1N1 flu shots also protect against Spanish flu

It appears humankind has a reason to be grateful for the 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus -- widescale exposure to it has lessened the threat posed by the virus that caused the 1918 Spanish flu, the worst known infectious disease outbreak ever.

New research suggests the antibodies many people around ... Read More

Terror in a Vial

When envelopes containing the bacterial spores that cause anthrax started arriving in media offices and on Capitol Hill in the fall of 2001, a new era in biological warfare began. To pinpoint the source of the attacks, federal agents quickly sought out specialists to perform cutting-edge molecul... Read More

Microscope Connects To iPads Wirelessly For Extreme Close-Up Views

Designed for the beauty and education industries, this microscope peripheral can connect to iPads wirelessly, displaying video and images of skin (or whatever else you shove under the microscope) zoomed up by 50 times.

While it won't be for personal use it could definitely have its advantages... Read More

Does Pasture Irrigation Increase Groundwater Contamination? Research Finds Little to No Transport of Microbes from Cow Pastures Into Groundwater

Concern about microbial contamination of groundwater from foraging dairy cows has increased as spray irrigation practices in New Zealand have increased over the years. Bacteria capable of living in both animals and humans are commonly found in cow manure. Addressing the lack of research on the t... Read More

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