The number of children admitted to English hospitals with bacterial pneumonia decreased by a fifth in the two years following the introduction of a vaccine to combat the disease, according to a new study published today in the journal Thorax.
In September 2006, a vaccine known as PCV7 was int... Read More
"Cow belches, a major source of greenhouse gases, could be decreased by an unusual feed supplement developed by a Penn State dairy scientist.
In a series of laboratory experiments and a live animal test, an oregano-based supplement not only decreased methane emissions in dairy cows by 40 perc... Read More
Between early July and 22 August 2010, 81 cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease were reported in the region of Central Macedonia, northern Greece. The median age of cases was 70 years. Encephalitis, meningoencephalitis or aseptic meningitis occurred mainly in patients aged 50 years or older. ... Read More
According to the Food and Drug Administration, laboratory tests have confirmed that two Iowa egg companies are contaminated with the same strain of salmonella blamed for a national outbreak of illness, which continues to claim victims and has sickened at least 1,500 people. Read More
Italian researchers offer some hopeful news for parents of colicky babies: a daily dose of "good" bacteria may help their child to cry less.
After three weeks of treatment with probiotic bacteria, babies cried for an average of about a half-hour a day, while infants who received a placebo wer... Read More
When it comes to chronic fatigue syndrome, researchers are starting to ask: What’s the role of the virus known as “X”?
One of the confounding aspects of Monday’s PNAS paper that reported finding a family of retroviruses in CFS patients was that none of the viruses appeared to be XMRV, which m... Read More
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday substantially lowered its often-quoted estimate of how many people die in a typical flu season, to 24,000 from 36,000.
The previous estimate, the agency said, was based on a study of the years 1990 to 1999, during which the H3N2 strai... Read More
Kissing a frog won't turn it into a prince - except in fairy tales - but frog's skin can actually provide a 'kiss of death' for antibiotic-resistant germs.
Scientists have claimed that frog skin contains natural substances that could be the basis for a powerful new genre of antibiotics.
I... Read More
In these lean times, smart consumers refuse to pay a lot for throwaway items, but will shell out a little more for products that can be used again and again. The same is true of bacteria and other microbes, researchers at the University of Michigan have learned.
These organisms 'spend' more o... Read More
An antibacterial enzyme found in human tears and other body fluids could be applied to certain foods for protection against intentional contamination with anthrax, scientists reported in Boston, Massachusetts on August 26 at the 240th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS).
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Everyone knows that house flies aren’t welcome around food.
But University of Florida scientists have discovered five new reasons why.
Researchers with UF’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences have documented five more bacteria species carried by house flies, and all of them cause ... Read More
An outbreak of whooping cough in California could be the worst in 50 years, the state's Department of Public Health said last week.
The disease, caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, is spread via coughing or sneezing and is highly contagious. On average, one infected person can sprea... Read More
Scientists at the University of East Anglia, have shown that fungus-farming ants are using multiple antibiotics as weed killers to maintain their fungus gardens.
Research led by Dr Matt Hutchings and published in the journal BMC Biology shows that ants use the antibiotics to inhibit the growt... Read More
Syracuse University’s Radhakrishna Sureshkumar, professor and chair of biomedical and chemical engineering in the L.C. Smith College of Engineering and Computer Science, and SU chemical engineering Ph.D. student Satvik Wani have discovered a method to make algae grow faster by manipulating light... Read More
Pathogens make themselves feel at home in the human body, invading cells and living off the plentiful amenities on offer. However, researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin, together with colleagues at Harvard University, reveal an opposite strategy used to ensure inf... Read More
Engineers believe a new strain of yeast with increased alcohol tolerance is the first step toward more efficient and economical production of biofuels.
Biofuels are produced through microbial fermentation of biomass crops, which yield the alcohol-based fuels ethanol and iso-butanol if yeast i... Read More
Family doctors could instantly detect a raft of diseases – from breast cancer to MRSA – using a cheap hand-held device being developed by the UK-based R&D company Cambridge Consultants.
The CliniHub, now in its early stages of development in partnership with XenBio Fluidics of San Diego, Cali... Read More
When the first positive results of a research trial for an antiretroviral-based vaginal microbicide gel were announced at the International AIDS Conference in Vienna this July, it marked a significant thinning of the line between HIV treatment and prevention. The same agents that had been design... Read More
Crohn's is a condition that affects one in 800 people in the UK and causes chronic intestinal inflammation, leading to pain, bleeding and diarrhoea. Researchers are working with biotechnology company, Provexis, to test a new plantain based food product that could treat patients with the disease.... Read More
For immune compromised individuals, like those living with AIDS, cancer, and burn wounds, and for cystic fibrosis patients, Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause serious or even fatal infections. Why is it so devastating? One of the essential elements of P. aeruginosa’s virulence is a slick coating... Read More