Several cancer vaccines that are delivered via injections or intravenous lines are in development. Another approach to a vaccine, however, is to implant a small disk containing cancer-fighting substances under the skin, according to researchers from Harvard University and the Dana-Farber Cancer ... Read More
At least 7,826 people worldwide have died from laboratory-confirmed cases of pandemic H1N1 influenza, an increase of more than 1,000 in the last week, but the actual number is probably much larger than that, the World Health Organization said today. Most countries have now stopped counting every... Read More
Forget the chicken. At vaccine-maker Sanofi Pasteur, it all starts with the egg -- millions of them each week. The mini vaccine factories will grow more than 75 million doses of H1N1 vaccine this year.
Earlier this month, the only company to make flu shots in the United States offered reporte... Read More
HIV infections remain to be of major public health importance in Europe, with evidence of increasing transmission in several European countries. A total of 25,656 diagnosed cases of HIV infection were reported for 2008 by the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) (d... Read More
Bacteria don't have easy lives. In addition to mammalian immune systems that besiege the bugs, they have natural enemies called bacteriophages, viruses that kill half the bacteria on Earth every two days.
Still, bacteria and another class of microorganisms called archaea (first discovered in ... Read More
Researchers at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. and the Seattle-based Bio Architecture Lab (BAL) have secured $9 million from the Department of Energy to explore seaweed's potential as a feedstock for biobutanol, an advanced biofuel.
Their venture appears to have largely cornered the current mar... Read More
The Ministry of Health of Egypt has reported a new confirmed human case of avian influenza A(H5N1).
The case is a 3 year-old male from Minia Governorate. His symptoms started on 21 November 2009.
He was admitted to hospital on 22 November and his condition is stable. Investigations into th... Read More
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has informed WHO of a mutation detected in three H1N1 viruses. The viruses were isolated from the first two fatal cases of pandemic influenza in the country and one patient with severe illness.
Norwegian scientists have analysed samples from more than ... Read More
Attending physicians at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and professors at Harvard Medical School Jerome Groopman and Pamela Hartzband, author an op-ed in the New York Times that considers why in the midst of an epidemic some people become severely ill and die while others remain unscathed.
... Read More
Whitehead researchers have developed a new type of genetic screen for human cells to pinpoint specific genes and proteins used by pathogens, according to their paper in Science.
In most human cell cultures genes are present in two copies: one inherited from the father and one from the mother.... Read More
A survey carried out in eight European countries has shown that closing schools in the event of an infectious disease pandemic could have a significant role in reducing illness transmission.
Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Infectious Diseases compared opportunities for infe... Read More
Compelling new data that chemical and fossil evidence of ancient microbial life on Mars was carried to Earth in a Martian meteorite is being elevated to a higher plane by the same NASA team which made the initial discovery 13 years ago.
Sources tell Spaceflight Now that the new data are provi... Read More
(editor's note - this is an update to a story we featured earlier at http://www.microbeworld.org/index.php?option=com_jlibrary&view=article&id=1971)
Thanks to their vast underground fungus farms, leafcutter ants are one of Earth’s most successful species — and one secret of their agricultural... Read More
A trio of papers in this week's issue of Science are revealing the surprising genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic complexity that can exist in a bacterium with a miniscule genome.
Research groups from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Spain's Centre de Regulacio Genòmica, and elsewhe... Read More
(Editor's note -- this information comes from a press release, but these are interesting treatment developments.)
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) and other drug-resistant bacteria could face annihilation as low-temperature plasma prototype devices have been developed to off... Read More
When cells are confronted with an invading virus or bacteria or exposed to an irritating chemical, they protect themselves by going off their DNA recipe and inserting the wrong amino acid into new proteins to defend them against damage, scientists have discovered.
These "regulated errors" com... Read More
There has been a “worrisome spike” in secondary bacterial infections among Americans with swine flu, federal health officials said Wednesday, urging more people at risk to get the underused vaccine that prevents some of those infections.
Bacterial infections are a common and sometimes deadly ... Read More
Denise Grady, a science writer for The New York Times, recently explored the link between a recently discovered virus called XMRV and chronic fatigue syndrome, in “Is a Virus the Cause of Fatigue Syndrome?” Here, Dr. Nancy G. Klimas, who serves on the board of the International Association for C... Read More
Turkeys are not just good for Thanksgiving. They can help power a town and create jobs using just their waste.
A company in Benson, Minnesota called Fibrominn has come up with an ingenious way to turn that litter into energy - generating close to 55 megawatts! This has made Fibrominn the ver... Read More
Frank Roberto trawls Yellowstone’s thermal pools for viruses and microbes. On a recent trip to the park, he hunted for bacteria that could aid in the production of biofuels and bioplastics.
Roberto dips a small plastic vial into the pool by hand, scooping up a half-cup of water. He caps the v... Read More