Conventional thinking says that animal immune systems have evolved to defend against harmful microorganisms, but a new Cornell study examines the role of friendly bacteria in shaping animal immunity.
All animals are colonized by bacteria -- in fact, humans have 10 times as many bacteria as ce... Read More
Mosquitoes that carry the Plasmodium parasite cause some 300 million cases of malaria every year, claiming one million lives. That's a lot of carnage generated by an insect smaller than a pinky fingernail—but if enterprising researchers have their way, their blood-thirsty assault won't continue... Read More
Before you make breakfast, check the egg carton. Does it bear the name Lucerne, Albertson, Mountain Dairy, Ralph’s, Boomsma’s, Sunshine, Hillandale, Trafficanda, Farm Fresh, Shoreland, Lund, Dutch Farms or Kemps?
If so, those scrambled eggs may have to wait.
Egg supplier Wright County Egg... Read More
This episode: Trees grow their own good bacteria!
(2.6 MB, 3 minutes)
Just the story:
Post questions or comments here... Read More
A cheap and effective filtering device developed by a South African university could provide safe drinking water to millions of people, drastically reducing the incidence of waterborne illnesses such as cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases.
The device resembles a teabag in both size and shap... Read More
Viruses that can invade host cells, initiate cancer and then flee from their own trail of destruction could be stopped in their tracks, say researchers writing in the September issue of the Journal of General Virology.
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have not only provided the first... Read More
In May 2010, CDC identified a nationwide increase in the number of Salmonella Enteritidis isolates with PFGE pattern JEGXX01.0004 uploaded to PulseNet, the national subtyping network made up of state and local public health laboratories and federal food regulatory laboratories that performs mol... Read More
A brief article in Scientific American by writer John Platt looks at the dim future for little brown bats who are at risk of becoming extinct due to white nose syndrome.
"As we have previously reported, 95 percent of Vermont's bats have been killed by the deadly fungal infection known as whi... Read More
Despite a known preventative, polio still maims and cripples 1,000 people annually.
Poliomyelitis—a viral disease that wreaks havoc on motor neurons, often paralyzing sufferers for life—was supposed to be banished from the planet a long time ago. When Jonas Salk unveiled his famed vaccine to ... Read More
Now that older people have prescription drug coverage from Medicare, they are using more antibiotics, a new study from the University of Pittsburgh has found.
That may not sound surprising. But the authors of the study say it could be worrisome.
Among the drugs being taken more often, the ... Read More
"In recent years, pertussis has made an alarming comeback — even among adolescents and adults who were vaccinated as children.
Highly contagious, spread by coughs and sneezes, pertussis is now epidemic in California, with 2,774 confirmed cases in 2010 — a sevenfold increase from last year, pu... Read More
An inexpensive drug currently used to treat and prevent malaria in pregnant women—sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, or “SP” for short—could reduce malaria infection in infants by 30 percent, recent studies have shown. But health officials in the developing world have held off on recommending SP’s wides... Read More
Researchers from the University of Liverpool and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine have produced a new drug to treat malaria. Click "source" to view the video. Read More
Urinary catheters are often left in place longer than needed, and new research shows that reminder systems that encourage hospital staff to remove catheters promptly can reduce the rate of catheter-associated urinary tract infections by 52 percent.
The review and meta-analysis was published J... Read More
Maps showing the distribution and prevalence of worm infections in every African country are the first of a series of Global Atlas of Helminth Infections which provide a unique, open-access, free information resource vital for planning and implementing deworming programs.
It is estimated that... Read More
Hospitals vary in how they detect and treat drug-resistant staph infections, but most follow national guideline recommendations, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Researchers sent a 61-item questionnaire to pharmacy directors at 263 acute-care hospitals in the... Read More
A special set of sugars found on some disease-causing pathogens helps those pathogens fight the body's natural defenses as well as vaccines, say two Iowa State University researchers.
This discovery may be a first step in understanding a disease family that includes tuberculosis for which the... Read More
The apparently random self-assembly of molecular threads into the proteins that make the body work is far less frantic than previously thought, Michigan State University scientists say. That discovery could be a key to help unlock the nature of some diseases.
How proteins spontaneously “fold”... Read More