Archaea of Note

  • Lobus fulgidus is a sulfur-reducer that can sour oil wells.
  • Halobacteria are salt-loving microbes that give a pink tinge to salt water evaporation ponds, the Dead Sea and salted fish.
  • Pyrolobus fumarii led scientists to extend the upper temperature limit for life to 113 degrees Celsius (235.4 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • Pyrococcus furiosis is the source of an extra-stable enzyme that can endure many cycles in the process of PCR, the method behind gene sequencing and DNA fingerprinting.
  • Sulfolobus acidocaldarius is used to leach copper and iron from ore.
 

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