Viruses of Note

  • Adenoviruses are used in experimental gene therapy treatments to deliver therapeutic genes.
  • Bacteriophages are being explored as tools to treat bacterial infections by targeting and destroying infectious bacteria.
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is responsible for the AIDS pandemic.
  • Human papillomavirus causes cervical cancer.
  • Influenza causes the flu, which killed some 21 million people worldwide in 1918.
  • Lambda phage is useful in cloning DNA.
  • Potyviruses cause disease in a wide variety of important agricultural plants.
  • Tulip mosaic virus causes streaks in tulip petal coloration, resulting in flowers sold at premium prices.
  • Variola major causes smallpox. Although eradicated worldwide in the late 1970s, remaining stores could be used to create deadly bioweapons.

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