Microbial infection is implicated in an ever-growing number of types of cancer. Adding to the already long list of microbial-associated cancers, an increasing body of evidence suggests breast cancer may also be associated with a specific microbial milieu. A report in Applied and Environmental Mi... Read More
Using household wastewater to irrigate food crops in drought-stricken or arid regions isn't the perfect solution. The chemicals and disease-causing germs it might contain could contaminate crops. Viruses that have their origin in the human intestines are often released into the air as fine spray... Read More
New research reveals that in pregnant women, Zika virus infection damages certain cells that affect placental formation and function. Furthermore, herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) infection augments placental sensitivity to Zika virus by enhancing the expression of receptors that allow Zika virus ... Read More
People infected with Zika virus may not be susceptible to Zika virus again, according to the latest research involving Kansas State University's Biosecurity Research Institute.
"The research shows that infection provides excellent protection against reinfection," said Stephen Higgs, director ... Read More
A single season of intense melting buffeted Antarctica in 2001-2002. It yielded changes that ranged from speeding up microbial food webs to shifting penguin populations. A special section in the October issue of BioScience examines the impacts on two very different Antarctic ecosystems.
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Avid mushroom hunters will tell you that fire is essential for finding morels. These fungi, distinguishable for their dark, honeycomblike caps, pop out of the ground by the bushel in spring after a large wildfire.
This ecological knowledge is mostly anecdotal, shared among morel enthusiasts f... Read More
About 100 million years ago, a lowly amoeba pulled off a stunning heist, grabbing genes from an unsuspecting bacterium to replace those it had lost.
Now Rutgers and other scientists have solved the mystery of how the little amoeba, Paulinella, committed the theft. It engulfed the bacterium, k... Read More
A towering figure in microbiology, our friend Fred Neidhardt died on October 7, 2016 at his retirement home, the Academy Village near Tucson AZ. He made fundamental and abiding contributions to research, teaching, academic administration, and social issues. In each, he left deep-rooted mar... Read More
How widespread is Zika in South East Asia? At least 19 countries and areas in the region have reported locally transmitted cases since 2007, according to the WHO. The majority - 13 - reported their cases this year. Thailand has recorded some 350 cases and Singapore nearly 400, including pregnant... Read More
For the first time a virus that targets bacteria has been found to have genes lifted from non-bacterial cells – those of the black widow spider. Read More
Hurricane Matthew hit Haiti on October 4, 2016, and the southeast United States two days later, leaving tens of thousands without power, transportation, and in the worst cases, homes. Because of its extreme poverty, and its continuing recovery from previous natural disasters, Haiti is looking at... Read More
The Arkansas Department of Health is investigating a mumps outbreak that may have infected hundreds of people.
A total of 427 suspected cases of mumps are being investigated in the state, with the majority of them children, the department reported on Friday.
More than 30 schools in the sta... Read More
Disease detectives are on the lookout for obscure viruses that can be spread among people by traveling insects, and quickly become a widespread problem. Scientific papers are filled with illnesses to watch. Four particular viruses now stand out to virologists and epidemiologists, although it is ... Read More
Chikungunya virus has caused two recent massive outbreaks sickening millions of people. Now a team of researchers has shown that several existing compounds have potent activity against the critical CHIKV protease enzyme. The research is published October 10 in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemothera... Read More
The bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa can thrive in environments as different as the moist, warm tissue in our lungs, and the dry, nutrient-deprived surface of an office wall. Such adaptability makes it problematic in healthcare – where it causes infections in cases of cystic fibrosis, cancer, HIV... Read More
The Zika virus is set to spread through Asia, the World Health Organization warned Monday, with hundreds of cases reported in Singapore and two Thai babies diagnosed with Zika-linked microcephaly.
The mosquito-borne virus has been detected in 70 countries worldwide including at least 19 count... Read More
If the previous occupant of a hospital bed received antibiotics, the next patient who uses that bed may be at higher risk for a severe form of infectious diarrhea, according to a new study.
Clostridium difficile (C. diff) diarrhea causes 27,000 deaths each year in the U.S. Hospital patients t... Read More
Looking for population shifts on satellite images could be a way to deliver vaccines and prevent or control disease outbreaks, a new study finds.
The findings, published in Scientific Reports, are based on analysis of satellite images, vaccine records, and measles case reports.
The researc... Read More
Aaron E. Carroll, professor of pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine, discusses the five-second rule about dropping food on the floor and still eating it. He reminds us that we touch lots of dirty surfaces everyday, from cell phone screens to money and even the kitchen sink sponge.... Read More
Daniel Haeusser, an Assistant Professor in the Biology Department of Canisius College in Buffalo, New York, discusses the misconception of assuming that photosynthesis exists as single process of strict coupling between energy conversion and carbohydrate production. Read More