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Examining Aspergillus fumagatus on the Space Station

As the durations of manned space missions increase, it is vitally important to understand the long-term consequences of microbial exposure on human health in closed human habitats. One mission of the Microbial Observatory Experiments on the International Space Station is to examine the traits an... Read More

Memory loss caused by a virus

Well you may ask what virus ?

and I tell you West Nile Virus ( but I want to change it to WNV ). Every year when mosquito season arrives it will bring a lot of diseases . one of them is the memory loss. you may ask how does memory loss concern WNV?
THE ANSWER:

Thousands of people are liv... Read More

First evidence that GM mosquitoes reduce disease

Releasing genetically modified mosquitoes appears to have helped reduce cases of dengue in a town in Brazil. The news comes as the US is considering whether to approve the use of the same mosquitoes.

The trial involved Aedes mosquitoes that had been modified to kill off wild mosquitoes of the... Read More

Know thy enemy: Kill MRSA with tailored chemistry

UConn medicinal chemists have developed experimental antibiotics that kill MRSA, a common and often deadly bacteria that causes skin, lung, and heart infections. The success is due to their strategy, which found a weakness and exploited it in a way the bacteria should have trouble countering, th... Read More

Designer bacteria build carbon-silicon materials for the first time

Scientists have genetically engineered bacteria to make a protein that squishes silicon and carbon together long enough for them to stick to one another — forming a bond that, until now, only chemists had managed to create. If scientists can teach these bacteria to produce the carbon-silicon mol... Read More

Anthrax capsule vaccine completely protects monkeys from lethal inhalational anthrax

Vaccination with the anthrax capsule--a naturally occurring component of the bacterium that causes the disease--completely protected monkeys from lethal anthrax infection, according to a study published online this week in the journal VACCINE. These results indicate that anthrax capsule is a hig... Read More

Virus communication system discovered

Bacteria can communicate through a system known as quorum sensing, where, for example the production of toxin in some species is not initiated until a minimum threshold of bacterial cells are present. This allows them to coordinate and therefore strengthen their actions to overcome selective pre... Read More

Science Magazine: New antibiotic found in human nose

With drug-resistant bacteria on the rise, scientists believe the nose is engaging in "microbial warfare". Scientists in Germany have identified that Staphylococcus lugdunensis, found in the nose, excretes a compound they named lugdunin. This compound prevents S. aureus from growing. S. aureus ca... Read More

Fungus-infecting virus could help track spread of white-nose syndrome in bats

A newly discovered virus infecting the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome in bats could help scientists and wildlife agencies track the spread of the disease that is decimating bat populations in the United States, a new study suggests.

Regional variations in this virus could provide clue... Read More

Small RNAs regulate Bacteroides nutrient use

Just like you and me, bacteria have ‘favorite’ foods – though in the case of bacteria, 'favorite' translates to those which are energetically favorable or most accessible. Different bacteria have different preferences, based on their environments and the neighboring microbes that compete for or ... Read More

In search of a better diagnostic assay for emerging fungal pathogen Candida auris

Misdiagnosis can lead to severe consequences for patients, and is a serious clinical issue. The newly emerging Candida auris requires higher doses of antifungal medications to treat an infection than does C. albicans, highlighting the importance of proper diagnosis. Thus far, the most accurate d... Read More

Ebola adapted to easily infect people

Two studies, in the journal Cell, found a mutation increased the virus' ability to infect human cells fourfold.

Scientists have argued the mutation may have been "pivotal" in the outbreak becoming the largest in recorded history.

There were 28,616 Ebola cases in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra ... Read More

Disarming a pathogen's ability to cause disease

The anaerobic, Gram-positive Clostridium difficile is a big problem. It causes rampant diarrhea and tissue necrosis, with more than 150,000 annual cases in the United States alone. Many of the disease manifestations of C. difficile are mediated by two exotoxins that C. difficile produces: TcdA a... Read More

TWiEVO 8: Everyone’s a little bit Neanderthal

Many years ago, Homo sapiens mated with Neanderthals. Today a small percentage of our genome remains Neanderthal, and in a study discussed on this episode of the science show This Week in Evolution, we show that some important genes of our innate immune response - the early response against path... Read More

'Farming' bacteria to boost growth in the oceans

Chemosynthetic symbionts are bacteria living inside or on the surface of animals, supplying their host with food that would otherwise be unavailable. It has long been known that these bacteria fix carbon and convert it into organic forms. Microbiologist Jillian Petersen and colleagues from the U... Read More

How a cold gets into cells

Cold viruses cause us irritation by penetrating into our cells and transporting their RNA into the cytoplasma of the infected cells. This is the only way they can multiply. The details of how the transfer of the RNA from within the virus occurs are difficult to study. However, a new method has b... Read More

Progress Towards Protection from Highly Lethal Ebola, Marburg Viruses

Washington, DC – July 12, 2016 – Ebola and Marburg filovirus disease outbreaks have typically occurred as isolated events, confined to central Africa. However, the recent Ebola epidemic spread to several African countries, and caused 11,000 deaths. That epidemic underscored the need to develop v... Read More

A Tale of Three Biofilm Cities on Aeration Diffusers

Fine pore diffusers are devices that pump air into wastewater in order to stimulate biodegradation of organic matter. Aeration of wastewater incur a large maintenance cost due to the buildup of biofilm, which is one of the biggest costs to the operation of sewage treatment plants. The biofilms ... Read More

Nativity!

Marry Christmas!
Nativity was recreated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Read More

Simple food additive slows E. coli food poisoning

Polysorbate, a safe additive found in everything from ice cream to cosmetics, has been proven to slow the toxic effects of E. coli poisoning.

Had this discovery been known before the deadly 2011 E. coli outbreak in Germany, doctors may have had one more tool to save some of victims.

The fi... Read More
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