Thailand is facing a health crisis from antimicrobial resistance which could lead to a more complicated healthcare situation and higher costs in treating bacterial infections, health experts have warned.
The National Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Centre monitored the situation at 28 hospitals nationwide during 2000-2010 and found worrying signs of antibiotic resistance among several bacteria strains.
An antimicrobial kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi or protozoans.
Carbapenems and Cefoperazone-Sulbactam are considered the antibiotics of last resort for many bacterial infections. However, Carbapenem resistance among Acinebacter baumannii, a superbug which causes hospital-acquired infections among in- and out-patients, rose dramatically from 1-2% in 2000 to 60-62% in 2010, according to the report.
The report on anti-microbial resistance in Thailand also identified up to 80% ampicillin resistance among the Escherichia coli bacterium, one of the most frequent causes of urinary tract infections and blood poisoning.
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