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ICAAC: HIV Patients At Risk for Low Vitamin D

People with HIV are at high risk for vitamin D deficiency, according to result of two studies presented here.

In a cross-sectional cohort study of 147 Spanish patients, nearly three-quarters had serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) that were below 30 micrograms per liter (μg/L), according to Jose Luis Agud, MD, of Hospital Severo Ochoa in Madrid.

And in a clinical cohort of 395 patients in Lille, France, 90% tested below 30 nanograms per liter (ng/mL) and 41% were below 15 ng/mL, Armelle Pasquet, MD, of the University Hospital Center of Lille, and colleagues, reported at the Interscience Conference on Anti-microbial Agents and Chemotherapy (IAAC) in Boston, Mass.

The Spanish study, in particular, is surprising, Agud told MedPage Today. "We didn't expect vitamin D would be a problem in Spain," he said, because levels of sunshine are high and the use of sunblock is relatively low. The finding "came to our surprise," Agud said.

The Spanish study defined vitamin D deficiency as 25(OH)D
 
 

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