An important study conducted in part at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory may lead to new, more effective vaccines and medicines by revealing detailed information about how a flu antibody binds to a wide variety of flu viruses.
The flu virus infects millions of people each year. While for most this results in an unproductive and uncomfortable week or two, the flu also contributes to many deaths in the average flu season. And while vaccines are effective in preventing the flu, they require almost yearly reformulation to keep up with the constantly changing virus.
A team of researchers from The Scripps Research Institute, Fujita Health University and Osaka University studied both samples of flu virus components and an anti-flu antibody. The antibody, called F045-092, was already known to neutralize the flu by connecting to the region of the flu virus that binds to host cells, so it can no longer bind to its target and cause infection.