Improvement in reforestation and agriculture is possible thanks to the work of scientists in the Center of Research and Advanced Studies (Cinvestav) who use different strains of fungi and bacteria to promote development and health in trees, which have enabled them to accelerate growth of different species up to 40 percent.
According to researcher Víctor Olalde Portugal, responsible of the project, one of the challenges of the reforestation systems is to achieve the survival of the species when planted. Hence, the importance of microorganisms that provide benefits to the trees, for example, increasing their development, giving more stability when transplanted and providing water to the subsoil in situations of drought.
"We proved that in a period of three years oaks, pines, mesquites and acacias between two and three meters high can be obtained, which generally occurs in six or seven years. When this process is applied to fruit trees (citrus, guava or lemon), fruit development is reached in three or four years, which normally happens at six" says the researcher of the Department of Biotechnology and Biochemistry of the Cinvestav.