Readers of this blog will remember the furor sparked by Fouchier’s experiments in 2011 in which he developed an avian influenza H5N1 isolate that could transmit among ferrets by aerosol. When Fouchier was ready to publish the results, the Dutch government required that Fouchier apply for an export license. In so doing they were applying EU regulations that are designed to prevent the spread of biological weapons.
Fouchier applied for and was granted an export license on 27 April 2012. Fouchier’s employer, Erasmus Medical Center, appealed the decision to require an export license for this type of work. It is this appeal that was recently denied by a Dutch district court.