Armillaria ostoyae (a.k.a. the honey mushroom) can grow to gargantuan proportions, like the “humongous fungus” that covers 2,200 acres in Oregon’s MalheurNational Forest.
Ashbya gossypii is a source of vitamins, such as riboflavin.
Aspergillus flavus produces a poison called aflatoxin on peanuts and other crops that can make people who eat these foods sick.
Aspergillus niger makes enzymes used in laundry detergents and many other products, and for tanning leather.
Beauveria bassiana is used as a pesticide to control nuisance insects.
Candida albicans causes yeast infections.
Fusarium is a group of fungi that cause diseases in a wide range of plants.
Helminthosporium oryzae causes disease in rice and led to the Bengal famine of 1942.
Histoplasma capsulatum causes the lung disease histoplasmosis.
Mucor circinelloides is a filamentous fungus that produces long, thread-like filaments called hyphae that can grow to amazing lengths. M. circinelloides is used in food production to convert fatty acids into natural flavoring compounds.
Penicillium notatum is the mold that launched the development of antibiotics and gave us penicillin.
Phanerochaete chrysosporium degrades various hazardous waste compounds.
Puccinia chondrillina is used as a mycoherbicide to control weeds.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (a.k.a. baker’s yeast) makes bread rise and ferments grapes and grains.
Serpula lacrymans causes dry rot of wood.
Stachybotrys chartarum is a type of toxin-producing fungi commonly implicated in “sick building” syndrome.
Tolypocladium inflatum gives us cyclosporine, the first drug to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients.