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Be part of the studio audience for the 2012 General Meeting's live internet talk show, ASM Live. Host Stanley Maloy, Chair of the Communications Committee for the American Society for Microbiology will discuss hot topics at the meeting with presenters and will take questions from audience and the internet.
Tapings will take place in room 121 in the Moscone Center and registrants are encouraged to attend. You can watch ASM Live below and topics will be archived immediately on YouTube and MicrobeWorld for future viewing.
Please note: The following schedule is preliminary and subject to change. Participants and more detail for each conference will be posted soon. All participants are invited, not confirmed. All times are listed as Pacific Daylight Time. All events take place in room 121 at Moscone Center in San Francisco.
(click on the title to see video)
Traditionally, colonization of a host has been described in terms of a microbial community that does not affect the host, but recent research (such as the Human Microbiome Project) suggests that colonizing microbes are having an effect not only on the host, but on each other. Participants will discuss how small molecule interactions between the major constituents of the nasal microbiome are key drivers of the community composition in the nose, and how one intestinal bacterium’s ability to produce a neurotransmitter has the potential to prevent or treat inflammatory bowel diseases.
A survey of surfaces in hotel rooms finds television remotes to be among the most heavily contaminated with bacteria and items on housekeeping carts carry the potential to cross-contaminate rooms. Participants will discuss the results of this survey, the first step in to objectively assess sanitation by applying NASA’s Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points system to the hygiene of hotel rooms.
The human microbiome consists of thousands of viral and microbial species which inhabit the human body and have co-evolved with us to protect against pathogens, regulate organ function and supply nutrients and other factors essential for health. When these members fall out of balance, it can lead to disease. Participants will discuss the various roles that the microbiome and its specific members play in the initiation and persistence of diseases.
On the issue of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and animals, the first thing that comes to mind is livestock and other farm-based animals that are regularly fed antibiotics as growth promoters, but they are not the only source of resistance. Participants will discuss studies showing that non-farm animals including pets, zoo animals and even houseflies serve as vectors for antibiotic resistance.
The health of humans, animals, and the environment are inextricably interconnected. Disruption of the environment often creates new niches for the evolution of infectious diseases, and provides opportunities for the transmission of pathogens to animals or humans. The majority of infectious diseases that affect humans are acquired from animals. The ease and speed of travel makes it possible for a new human disease acquired from the environment or animals in one part of the world to rapidly spread to the rest of the world. Animals also often acquire infectious diseases from humans. Thus, human health depends upon health of animals and the environment. However, the fields of human and veterinary medicine and environmental sciences often fail to recognize this linkage. Participants will discuss the impact of this One Health concept on the future of human and veterinary medicine and environmental policy.
The NIH Human Microbiome Project has been a 5-year endeavor to produce community resources to support the field of human microbiome research. Although the HMP has already produced hundreds of peer-reviewed publications, in the past week 2 major HMP Consortium papers as well as 20+ companion papers were published in prestigious journals highlighting a broad analysis of the microbiomes of over 200 healthy adult men and women, the largest such study to date. Participants will highlight and discuss some of the findings from this landmark study.
A number of variables can cause signficant changes in the human microbiome early in life including birth method and antibiotic exposure. Understanding these shifts is important because new research suggests that shifts in the microbiome of infants could make them more prone to gain weight as adults. Participants will discuss variables involved in the development of the infant microbiome and how it affects adult metabolism and body composition in mouse models.