The vast majority of researchers in the science field are honest and conscientious. But that's not the case for all of them, and a federal agency that tracks misconduct and cheating in the field is seeing increases.
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A universal infant vaccination campaign in China has led the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) to more than double its rate of "breakout" mutations. These mutations may enable the virus to elude the vaccine, necessitating new vaccination strategies. Researchers at the Chinese Centers for Disease Control a... Read More
Michael Laub studies the complex interactions that underlie cells’ responses to their environment. Bacteria encounter a constant barrage of ever-changing temperature, acidity and chemical stimuli from their environment. The cells must absorb all of this information and choose the correct respons... Read More
In their paper in mBio this week, Wang et al present FrameBot, a program that combines frameshift correction and nearest-neighbor identification in one Java-based tool. Read More
Norman R. Pace, a microbiologist at the University of Colorado Boulder, pioneered the use of DNA to study microbes. He has searched for extremophiles (organisms that can exist in extreme environments) in the hot springs of Yellowstone National Park and once descended in the submersible Alvin to ... Read More
The Caribbean Sea is battling an epidemic — a nasty plague that spreads and kills quickly. Unlike the historical Black Plague, which killed millions of people in the Middle Ages, this so-called white plague is devastating populations of marine corals.
Scientists long believed the scourge, whi... Read More
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and their Danish colleagues have monitored HPV-vaccinated girls via patient data registries in order to examine the incidence of a wide range of diseases and thus determine if there are any serious adverse effects of the vaccine. Their results show ... Read More
If a breakthrough in developing an HIV vaccine occurred today, scientists and drug companies would need another decade to provide a commercial product. But, after a long struggle, researchers may indeed have made that breakthrough using a new vaccine approach that combines two prior ones. Given ... Read More
Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have used the genomic sequences of 55 E. coli strains to reconstruct the metabolic repertoire for each strain. Surprisingly, these reconstructions do an excellent job of predicting the kind of environment where each strain will thrive, the ... Read More
The Kartchner caverns in southeast Arizona are famous for their spectacular limestone rock formations, created by groundwater seeping and dissolving bedrock compounds over thousands of years. For all their beauty, the caverns are extremely harsh environments with no sunlight and precious little ... Read More
Rather than destroying bacteria to fight infections, a University of Illinois at Chicago researcher is trying to "tweak" their savvy communication networks and block the signals that lead to infection and disease.
Researchers have known for several decades that bacteria communicate through a ... Read More
Visceral leishmaniasis, also called kala-azar, strikes 400,000 people every year and kills around 1 in 10 of its victims. The leishmania parasite, Leishmania donovani, has proven difficult to treat, in part because a large percentage of patients who take the drug of choice, miltefosine, relapse ... Read More
A doctoral research project studying the bacterium Brucella pinnipedialis, which commonly occurs in hooded seals, found that this bacterium does not cause disease in hooded seals, as other Brucella bacteria do in other species.
The occurrence of the bacterium B. pinnipedialis in hooded seals ... Read More
The Chinese Government seems committed to reforming food safety laws and investing in vital surveillance and monitoring systems, but experts say implementing those efforts could be challenging.
Published in the journal The Lancet, a new study suggests that the rapidly growing Chinese economy ... Read More
Many experts believe that chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has several root causes including some viruses. Now, lead scientists Shara Pantry, Maria Medveczky and Peter Medveczky of the University of South Florida’s Morsani College of Medicine, along with the help of several collaborating scientist... Read More
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The World Health Organization says no evidence has emerged to show that a type of bird flu which has killed two Chinese men can be transmitted between people.
Two men in Shanghai, aged 87 and 27, fell sick in late February. A woman in Anhui province also contracted the virus in early March an... Read More
By studying how a virus that infects most people at some point in their lives packages its genetic material during infection, an international collaboration of researchers has made discoveries that help scientists better understand virus-host interactions and may open new avenues for therapies.
... Read More
Forty million lab tests are done in B.C. annually. Each and every one is an opportunity for human error leading to patient harm.
In a bid to avert errors in collection, handling and analysis, a small team at the University of B.C. manufactures simulated specimens to send to labs across Canada... Read More
Through the creation of a library of more than 2,000 mutant strains of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, the University of Nebraska Medical Center has provided an important tool for scientists around the world seeking answers for how to better deal with staph infections.
Developed over the ... Read More