Researchers have discovered the strongest evidence yet linking the Zika virus to the paralytic illness Guillain-Barre syndrome. During the height of the viral epidemic the incidence of Guillain-Barre was 100 times the number of cases usually seen.
Guillain-Barre is a normally rare condition t... Read More
Researchers say there are 3 main factors that explain why women are more represented in some STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields than others.
The most powerful one, they say, is a “masculine culture” that makes many women feel like they don’t belong.
“There is w... Read More
The night after receiving the news about winning the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, microbiologist Yoshinori Ohsumi expressed his eagerness to build a new research center for microbiology and create a system for supporting young scientists.
"Microorganisms support the living worl... Read More
A team of researchers from the United Kingdom has obtained the first complete genome sequence of Zika virus that was isolated from a semen sample. The research is published this week in Genome Announcements, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
The motivation for this investiga... Read More
In an attempt to preserve and defend the good name of the salmon fished in his state, Senator Warren Magnuson (D-WA), introduced in 1969 a bill in the US Senate proposing to change the name of Salmonella to the more inoccuous sounding Sanella. In some circles it may seem comforting to th... Read More
The Nobel Prize for Medicine this year went to Dr. Yoshinori Ohsumi of the Tokyo Institute for Technology for his work on autophagy, the process of digesting unneeded or damaged cellular components. This process plays a role in many central cellular activities, with applications ranging from gen... Read More
A rare and improbable mutation in a protein encoded by an influenza virus renders the virus defenseless against the body's immune system. This University of Rochester Medical Center discovery could provide a new strategy for live influenza vaccines in the future.
A new approach to the live fl... Read More
Sharon and Scott join the TWiV team to talk about their work on dengue antibody-dependent enhancement of Zika virus infection, and identifying the virus in mosquitoes from Miami.
Researchers from UPM have revealed how mold from humidity caused by rotting fruits and vegetables unfolds a surprising strategy to infect plants.
A team of researchers from Centre for Plant Biotechnology and Genomics (CBGP, UPM-INIA), has published the results on Alt a1 in an article release... Read More
A new study shows that when heat-susceptible bacteria living symbiotically in the guts of insects are exposed to increased temperatures, both the bacteria and the insect are negatively impacted and can die. The study, reported online this week in the journal mBio®, illustrates another way globa... Read More
The TWiVeroos examine a reverse spillover of Newcastle disease virus vaccines into wild birds, and identification of a protein cell receptor for murine noroviruses.
For decades a deadly fungus has been slaughtering amphibians around the world, driving many to the brink of extinction or even beyond.
But now one frog’s recovery shows that, with a little luck and habitat preservation, some amphibians may be able to evolve resistance to the fungus.
In lab... Read More
Zika initially was known only to cause flu-like symptoms in some people. But a surge late last year in cases of babies born with small heads in northeast Brazil set off worldwide alarm about the virus, which was later linked to a birth defect known as microcephaly. When the connection was made, ... Read More
Laboratory tests show that a cold-tolerant mosquito known as Culex quinquefasciatus can be infected with Zika virus in the laboratory. If confirmed in the field, it would be a troubling development, suggesting the virus would be more difficult to control, and might be able to spread far north of... Read More
A popular antibiotic called rifampicin, used to treat tuberculosis, leprosy, and Legionnaire’s disease, is becoming less effective as the bacteria that cause the diseases develop more resistance.
One of the mechanisms leading to rifampicin’s resistance is the action of the enzyme Rifampicin m... Read More
Ten years ago, Takema Fukatsu, PhD, prime senior researcher and leader, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Japan, was invited to Kyoto University as a symposium speaker of a meeting organized by Kenji Fujisaki, PhD, a researcher in the University's Graduat... Read More
The appearance of white blooms of plankton east of New Zealand suggests the ocean is responding to climate change, according to research by Victoria University of Wellington scientists.
As part of her Master's study, Bella Duncan investigated coccolithophores, a white algae with remains known... Read More
Chikungunya virus has caused two recent massive outbreaks sickening millions of people. Now a team of researchers has shown that several existing compounds have potent activity against the critical CHIKV protease enzyme. The research is published October 10 in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemothera... Read More
Jeremy joins the TWiVeroids to tell the amazing story of how the function of the HIV-1 protein called Nef was discovered and found to promote infection by excluding the host protein SERINC from virus particles.
Hosts: Read More
A new tool that uses a forest-like array of vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes that can be finely tuned to selectively trap viruses by their size can increase the detection threshold for viruses and speed the process of identifying newly-emerging viruses.
"Early detection is important becau... Read More