Clostridium difficile bacteria are a common cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea, especially in hospital settings. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, each year in the United States C. difficile is responsible for tens of thousands of cases of diarrhea and at... Read More
Vincent and Dick ... Read More
The New Scientist reports that the discovery of the master gene behind the front-line troops of the body's immune system could promise a host of new treatments for disease. Called E4BP4, the gene kick-starts production of natural killer (NK) cells in the bone marrow.
Mice genetically engineer... Read More
The infectious disease landscape is constantly changing. As we develop treatments for and work to eradicate existing diseases, invariably new ones arise to take their place and sometimes old ones resurge. Public health researcher Kenrad Nelson, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg S... Read More
Traditionally, tuberculosis has been viewed as a primarily human disease. Recent studies have found other sources of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among animal populations including elephants, meerkats, dogs and baboons. A related bacterium that can also cause disease in humans, M. b... Read More
With school back in session but swine flu vaccine not yet available and various reports suggesting high fatalities from H1N1 while others say there is nothing to worry about, a New York Times reporter took to the streets wearing a $69 suit called the Pandemic Emergency Defense System manufacture... Read More
The emergence of the H1N1 influenza virus earlier this year has put the world on notice for the next influenza pandemic. Participants in this press conference provide an overview of the current H1N1 situation and discuss recent advances concerning antiviral resistance, influenza-bacteri... Read More
Documents designed by the CDC to provide information for planning and conducting school-located 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccination clinics that target school-aged children enrolled in school and potentially other groups in the community. The targeted audience for these materials is primarily state ... Read More
"Even if swine flu remains a mild infection, the pandemic could be the tipping point for an emergency medical system teetering on the edge.
"The worry is, the health-care delivery system could be overwhelmed by people who are sick or think they are sick," said Kim Elliott of Trust for America... Read More
Members of the 2009 ICAAC Program Committee give an overview of the ICAAC meeting and discuss sessions of particular interest.
An hour on the life and work of Charles Darwin with James Watson, chancellor, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, and E.O. Wilson, professor emeritus, Harvard University. This aired on the Charlie Rose show on PBS. Read More
Researchers have sequenced the genome of the mould that causes blight and found it keeps a huge arsenal of potato-destroying genes, ready to evolve around whatever defences taters can muster. On the plus side, the sequence also suggests ways to fight back.
Blight is caused by an oomycete or w... Read More
"Defying the expectations of experts, clinical trials are showing that the new H1N1 swine flu vaccine protects with only one dose instead of two, so the vaccine supplies now being made will go twice as far as had been predicted.
That means it should be possible to vaccinate — well before the ... Read More
A new study, co-authored by Evgeny Nudler, professor of biochemistry at New York University Langone Medical Center in Manhattan, and published online yesterday in Science, shows that stopping the creation of bacterial nitric oxide synthases (bNOS), enzymes that contribute to the production of NO... Read More
Researchers from Germany and Spain are proposing a real experiment to probe whether a virus can exist in a superposition of two quantum states. Such superpositions are typically the domain of smaller, inanimate objects such as atoms. But the team believes that their technique, using finely tuned... Read More
A medical advisory panel for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) voted today that the use of Gardasil to prevent HPV, a sexually transmitted disease, in males ages nine to 26 would be both safe and effective.
The panel's decision could open up a large market for Gardasil maker, Merck,... Read More
"Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have found that killer T cells -- the sentinels of the immune system – possess a hidden strength that may be used to improve vaccine design for tough-to-beat bugs, such as Staphylococcus aureus.
The new experiments show that killer T cells can atta... Read More
Researchers report the first isolation of MRSA from marine and beach sand samples taken from numerous public beaches in Washington State. Marilyn C. Roberts, University of Washington, presents her findings and discusses the implications.
Recorded September 12, 2009 at Read More
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a major cause of hospital-acquired infections, and these infections can often be difficult and expensive to treat. One strategy to reduce MRSA infection rates in the healthcare setting is the screening of patients for na... Read More
As public health experts warn of potential widespread outbreaks of H1N1 flu this school year, a new study from North Carolina State University shows that students do not comply with basic preventative measures as much as they think do. In other words, the kids aren't washing their hands.
"Han... Read More