Influenza vaccine administered during pregnancy was 91.5% effective in preventing hospitalizations among infant offspring younger than 6 months, new research shows.
Marietta Vázquez, MD, and colleagues from the Yale University School of Medicine conducted a matched case-control study to deter... Read More
Southern Sudan is battling to contain the biggest outbreak of the kala azar disease in the region in eight years as it moves toward a Jan. 9 referendum on independence, Medecins Sans Frontieres said.
The severity of the outbreak is just one symptom of the wider medical humanitarian crisis fac... Read More
Shingles belong on a house, not your body.
The debilitating and often long-lasting virus -- which triggers shooting pain and a rash around the chest, arm or legs -- is mostly preventable, thanks to a vaccine recommended for all adults 60 and older. Still, nearly 1 million American adults end ... Read More
It may seem hard to imagine improving on the world's best chocolates, but that is the goal of a team of microbiologists from the Free University of Brussels, Belgium. Raw cocoa beans have an astringent, unpleasant taste, and must be cured—which involves fermenting the beans—prior to drying and r... Read More
An adjuvanted split-virion vaccine against the pandemic H1N1 flu out-performed a whole-virion vaccine without the adjuvant, researchers reported.
In a head-to-head test - the first to compare two commercially available flu vaccines -- immune response was faster and more robust for the adjuvan... Read More
There is enough approved cholera vaccine stockpiled in the world to vaccinate only 50,000 people, a panel of cholera experts convened by the Pan American Health Organization said Friday. Given the shortage, the panel recommended starting a pilot program in Haiti to test vaccination strategies an... Read More
Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) at the University of Oxford have uncovered a clue that may help to explain why the earliest evidence of complex multicellular animal life appears around 550 million years ago, when atmospheric oxygen levels ... Read More
Joe Cohen, a scientist tantalizingly close to delivering the world's first malaria vaccine, is on the stump.
After 23 years of painstaking laboratory work and a program of major trials in seven countries, the 67-year-old biologist says the clinical case for the vaccine is almost proved. It's ... Read More
Magnified 1125X, this Gomori-stained photomicrograph revealed the presence of a Penicillium marneffei yeast cell, which was found in a specimen of human spleen.
P. marneffei is endemic to Southeast Asia, where it is one of the more common HIV-related opportunistic infections. Penicillium spp.... Read More
A robin flying over a field sees a juicy caterpillar on a leaf. It dives in for a closer look but it notices something strange: this larva is bright red and glowing slightly. Red means danger – this caterpillar is probably toxic and is best avoided. The robin leaves; the caterpillar apparently l... Read More
El Podcast del Microbio" Nº 144 is based in Merry Youle's post "Microbial Matchmakers" published in the blog "Small Thing C... Read More
A continuación: Bacterias que hibernan, el tracto gastrointestinal infantil como ecosistema microbiano, y parásitos y comunidades de plantas.
The ocean bottom is one of the world’s most important yet enigmatic ecosystems, covered in a thick sludge rich with bacteria that consume and recycle dead algae and animal feces. Somehow those bacteria get the essential oxygen they need to digest, even though very little of it should be able to... Read More
The greater susceptibility of humans to certain infectious diseases when compared to other primates could be explained by species-specific changes in immune signaling pathways, a University of Chicago study finds. The first genome-wide, functional comparison of genes regulated by the innate immu... Read More
On the top floor of an old bank converted into an artist collective, just past prop design for Bjork's next music video, the do-it-yourself biotechnology revolution has begun.
A cadre of science entrepreneurs recently opened Genspace, the world's first government-compliant community biotech l... Read More
With brush-fire speed, Felisa Wolfe-Simon and colleagues of buggy arsenic-eating fame found themselves bogged down in a blogosphere-fueled debate.
After force-feeding phosphorus-loving bacteria an arsenic-only diet and discovering that the bugs didn’t die, Wolfe-Simon and colleagues concluded... Read More
When it comes to infectious disease, who and how many get inoculated isn’t as important as knowing how people interact with each other—whether they’re vaccinated or not.
In order to follow and better understand how viruses spread through real-life social networks, a group of researchers used ... Read More
Cold plasma torches could be a new way to treat drug-resistant infections and heal wounds more quickly, according to new research. The plasma interferes with microbial DNA without harming human tissue, scientists say.
A 10-minute treatment with a low-temperature plasma jet killed about 90 per... Read More
The president’s bioethics commission says there is no need to temporarily halt research or to impose new regulations on the controversial new field known as synthetic biology.
In a report being issued Thursday, the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues says that at prese... Read More
In the fight to stay alive, many bacteria, such as MRSA, have developed resistance to commonly used antibiotics. But other bacteria are using a more insidious type of resistance: that imbued by transferable genes, which can spread among commonly circulating strains.
One of these genetic eleme... Read More