Dr. Emil Kozarov and a team of researchers at the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine have identified specific bacteria that may have a key role in vascular pathogenesis, specifically atherosclerosis, or what is commonly referred to as "hardening of the arteries" - the number one caus... Read More
To date, the notion of inoculating people against drug use is a symbolic one – the idea being that anything from positive peer pressure to self esteem can render people resistant to the lure of drugs.
But such inoculation may soon become a much more literal concept: By combining a cocaine ana... Read More
A new study finds that people with high levels of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria in the nose are more likely to have other areas of the body colonized by MRSA, which can cause potentially fatal infections.
Researchers at Rhode Island Hospital wanted to assess the ... Read More
By rethinking what happens on the surface of things, engineers at Harvard University have discovered that Bacillus subtilis biofilm colonies exhibit an unmatched ability to repel a wide range of liquids -- and even vapors.
Centimeters across yet only hundreds of microns thick, such slimy bact... Read More
For the first time, researchers have developed a 3-D picture of a herpes virus protein interacting with a key part of the human cellular machinery, enhancing our understanding of how it hijacks human cells to spread infection and opening up new possibilities for stepping in to prevent or treat i... Read More
Derek Smith, Professor of Infectious Disease Informatics, University of Cambridge, U.K., has developed a method for visualizing antigenic evolution by creating two-dimensional maps in a process called antigenic cartography. These maps are made with data that provide information on the antigen... Read More
It seems that no part of Brooklyn can be left untouched by its ever-striving culinary scene, even its bacteria.
As part of his ongoing “Mad Scientist” series of limited-release drafts, Shane Welch, the founder of Six Point Craft Ales in Red Hook, plans to tame the wild yeasts swirling about N... Read More
The World Health Organization will start vaccinating in April to help stem the cholera epidemic in Haiti, which has killed over 3300.
The vaccine hasn't been used before, partly to focus medical resources on treating cases, but also because little is available, as vaccination is not standard ... Read More
Europe and North America are braced for a surge in flu cases as schools resume after the holidays.
Schoolchildren are the main carriers of seasonal flu, and epidemics often reflect school schedules. The winter flu that is already pushing intensive care services to capacity in the UK has been ... Read More
It's a tale that has all the trappings of a cult 1960s sci-fi movie: Scientists bring back ancient salt crystals, dug up from deep below Death Valley for climate research. The sparkling crystals are carefully packed away until, years later, a young, unknown researcher takes a second look at the ... Read More
The odds of developing chicken pox are 95 percent lower in children who have received two doses of the vaccine, compared to those who have received only one.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began recommending a single dose of chicken pox (varicella) vaccine for children a... Read More
Here's a link to the abstract of the recent BP methane study in Science Express:
Methane was the most abundant hydrocarbon released during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Beyond relevancy to this anthropogenic event, this methane release simulates a rapid and relat... Read More
This episode: A study of the bacteria-hunting Bdellovibrio life cycle!
A new study concludes that the vast quantity of methane gas that spewed from the BP oil well in the Gulf of Mexico was gobbled up rapidly by bacteria.
About a third of the material that gushed into the ocean from the BP blowout was in gas form, not oil, and the new study is the latest attempt... Read More
Read a piece that detailed the idea that the world could effectively "run out" of antibiotics as "a nightmare scenario".
Considering how often each worknight we're reaching for the appropriate antibiotic to knock out a case of Strep or a wicked Otitis Media, the possibility that all t... Read More
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have discovered how a key viral gene helps viruses evade early detection by the immune system. Their finding is providing new insights into how viruses are able to establish chronic infections, leading scientists to reevaluate their approaches to viral... Read More
Here's what Katie Roche expected when she went into the hospital for spine surgery: two titanium rods, a bone graft, 17 screws in her vertebrae, eight hours in the operating room, and a week's stay in the hospital to recover.
Here's what she didn't expect on top of all that: sharing a hospita... Read More
A new study of UK tuberculosis (TB) patients has shown that, for those with a certain genetic profile (genotype), supplementation of vitamin D to their standard antibiotic regimen reduces the time needed for TB bacteria to clear from sputum culture by almost a week for the population studied. Th... Read More
Genetic resistance to antibiotics is not the only trick bacteria use to resist eradication - they also have a second defence strategy known as persistence that can kick in.
Researchers reporting in the Journal of Medical Microbiology have now demonstrated for the first time that interplay occ... Read More
A 13-member Expert Panel of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has published guidelines for the treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to assist health care providers in treating adult and pediatric patients afflicted with MRSA infections.
The guideline... Read More