Cold viruses cause us irritation by penetrating into our cells and transporting their RNA into the cytoplasma of the infected cells. This is the only way they can multiply. The details of how the transfer of the RNA from within the virus occurs are difficult to study. However, a new method has b... Read More
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by a progressive loss of memory associated with other cognitive sphere deficits interfering with social and occupational functioning. Read More
The majority of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consists of two related but clinically and histologically distinct conditions, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Both conditions are characterized by chronically relapsing inflammation of the bowel of unknown etiology. Read More
What is Tumor necrosis factors (TNF) superfamily?
Tumor necrosis factors (TNF) superfamily composes of a group of cytokines and their receptors which can reduce cell death (apoptosis). This superfamily is composed of 19 ligands and 29 receptors in humans. TNFα and Lymphotoxin-alpha (LTα) is f... Read More
IL superfamily, a member of larger group cytokines, is consisting of proteins called interleukins and interleukin receptors. IL superfamily members involve with variety of processes, including immunity, inflammation, and the formation of blood cells. IL superfamily members promote the growth of ... Read More
The chemokine family of proteins has broad, diverse functional repertoires. However, their structural variation is narrow. Chemokines are small (8-10 kDa), secreted single polypeptide chains 70-100 residues long. Across the family, the proteins have 20-95% amino acid sequence identity (including... Read More
The transforming growth facor beta (TGF-β) superfamily is a large family of growth factors named after the first member TGF-β1. Members of TGF-β superfamily are similar in structure. TGF-β superfamily distributes in invertebrates as well as vertebrates species. They play role in dorso-ventral pa... Read More